Read the passage given below :
(1) The hopping kangaroo is a familiar sight in every snapshot
relating to Australia. Member of the kangaroo family can be as
small as a rat or as big as a man. Kangaroos are found mainly in
Australia, Tasmania and New Guinea. Kangaroos which are
big-footed marsupials that evolved in Australia use their short
front legs like arms. The mansized kangaroos of Australia are
capable of speeding up to 88 km/hr for short distances, their
means of locomotion being their powerful hind legs, which carry
them over the ground in jumps of 9 m or more at a time.
(2) Weighing around 70 kg they have an average lifespan of around
six to eight years and a maximum lifetime of 20 years. When
bothered by predators kangaroos often head for the water,
standing submerged to the chest, and attempting to drown the
attacker by holding him under water. Another defensive technique
is to get their back to a tree and kick and their adversary with
their clawed hind feet, sometimes with sufficient force to kill a
man. Normally shy animals, they alert other kangaroos to danger
by beating on the ground with their hand feet. This loud alarm
signal carries over a long distance.
(3) The tail is important for kangaroos. It holds them in balance
and supports them when they sit or fight against other kangaroos.
The kangaroo uses its short legs as arms. With them it scratches
itself, cleans its fur and holds branches when its eats leaves.
Kangaroos are marsupials and the females carry newborns in a
pouch in front of their abdomens. The babies are born small and
climb up into the safety of the pouch. There for the next 225
days or so, they eat, sleep, and grow. Once they reach full
development they leave the pouch. A young kangaroo that leaves
the pouch is called a 'joey'. To keep from getting too hot the
kangaroos take naps in the afternoon and do most of their gazing
at night. But the best stay-cool secret of these creatures is the
spit bath ! Kangaroos drool and lick saliva all over their faces
and bodies to cool down.
1.1 On the basis of your reading of the above passage, complete
the following sentences with appropriate words/phrases.
a) When followed by predators kangaroos submerge __________ and
b) The powerful hind legs help kangaroos to __________.
c) Kangaroos are mainly found in Australia and are __________.
d) They use their front legs to __________.
e) Kangaroos warn others of danger by __________.
f) The secret of kangaroos to stay cool is __________.
g) They use their tails to __________.
h) Before becoming 'joeys' the young ones stay in the __________
a) to the chest in water and attempt to drown the attackers by
holding them under water
b) locomote over the ground and take jumps of 9 m or more at a
c) big-footed marsupials
d) scratch themselves, clean their fur and hold branches when they
e) beating the ground with their hind feet
f) the spit bath
g) hold them in balance and support them when they fight against
h) pouches in front of their mothers”™ abdomens
and eat, sleep and grow for 225 days or so