# 10th Maths Paper Solutions Set 1 : CBSE Delhi Previous Year 2015

General Instructions :
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) The question paper consists of 31 questions divided into four sections - A, B, C and D.
(iii) Section A contains 4 questions of 1 mark each, Section B contains 6 questions of 2 marks each, Section C contains 10 questions of 3 marks each and Section D contains 11 questions of 4 marks each.
(iv) Use of calculated is not permitted.
Q1 :

If $x=-\frac{1}{2},$ is a solution of the quadratic equation $3{x}^{2}+2kx-3=0,$ find the value of k.

It is given that $x=-\frac{1}{2}$ is the solution of the quadratic equation $3{x}^{2}+2kx-3=0$.
$\therefore 3{\left(-\frac{1}{2}\right)}^{2}+2k\left(-\frac{1}{2}\right)-3=0$
$⇒\frac{3}{4}-k-3=0\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}⇒k=\frac{3}{4}-3=-\frac{9}{4}$
Hence, the value of k is $-\frac{9}{4}$.

Q2 :

The tops of two towers of height x and y, standing on level ground, subtend angles of 30° and 60° respectively at the centre of the line joining their feet, then find x, y.

Let AB and CD be the two towers of heights x and y, respectively. Suppose E is the centre of the line joining the feet of the two towers i.e. BD.
Now, in ΔABE,

Also,
In ΔCDE,

Now, BE = DE   .....(3)       (E is mid-point of BD.)
So, from (1), (2) and (3), we get
$\sqrt{3}x=\frac{y}{\sqrt{3}}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}⇒\frac{x}{y}=\frac{1}{3}$
Hence, the ratio of x and y is 1 : 3.

Q3 :

A letter of English alphabet is chosen at random. Determine the probability that the chosen letter is consonant.

There are 26 letters in English alphabets.
∴ Total number of outcomes = 26
We know that there are 5 vowels and 21 consonants in English alphabets.
∴ Total number of favourable outcomes = 21
∴ Probability that the chosen letter is a consonant =

Q4 :

In Fig. 1, PA and PB are tangents to the circle with centre O such that ∠APB = 50°. Write the measure of ∠OAB. Figure 1

Q5 :

In Fig. 2, AB is the diameter of a circle with centre O and AT is a tangent. If ∠AOQ = 58°, find ∠ATQ. Figure 2

Q6 :

Solve the following quadratic equation for x :

Q7 :

From a point T outside a circle of centre O, tangents TP and TQ are drawn to the circle. Prove that OT is the right bisector of line segment PQ.

Q8 :

Find the middle term of the A.P. 6, 13, 20, ... , 216.

Q9 :

If A(5, 2), B(2, −2) and C(−2, t) are the vertices of a right angled triangle with ∠B = 90°, then find the value of t.

Q10 :

Find the ratio in which the point divides the line segment joining the points and B(2, −5).

Q11 :

Find the area of the triangle ABC with A(1, −4) and mid-points of sides through A being (2, −1) and (0, −1).

Q12 :

Find that non-zero value of k, for which the quadratic equation kx2 + 1 − 2(k − 1)x + x2 = 0 has equal roots. Hence find the roots of the equation.

Q13 :

The angle of elevation of the top of a building from the foot of the tower is 30° and the angle of elevation of the top of the tower from the foot of the building is 45°. If the tower is 30 m high, find the height of the building.

Q14 :

Two different dice are rolled together. Find the probability of getting :
(i) the sum of numbers on two dice to be 5.
(ii) even numbers on both dice.

Q15 :

If ${\mathrm{S}}_{{n}^{1}}$ denotes the sum of first n terms of an A.P., prove that S12 = 3(S8 − S4).

Q16 :

In Fig. 3, APB and AQO are semicircles, and AO = OB. If the perimeter of the figure is 40 cm, find the area of the shaded region. Figure 3

Q17 :

In Fig. 4, from the top of a solid cone of height 12 cm and base radius 6 cm, a cone of height 4 cm is removed by a plane parallel to the base. Find the total surface area of the remaining solid. Figure 4

Q18 :

A solid wooden toy is in the form of a hemisphere surrounded by a cone of same radius. The radius of hemisphere is 3.5 cm and the total wood used in the making of toy is . Find the height of the toy. Also, find the cost of painting the hemispherical part of the toy at the rate of Rs 10 per cm2.

Q19 :

In Fig. 5, from a cuboidal solid metallic block, of dimensions
15cm âœ• 10cm âœ• 5cm, a cylindrical hole of diameter 7 cm is drilled out. Find the surface area of the remaining block Figure 5

Q20 :

In Fig. 6, find the area of the shaded region [Use π = 3.14] Figure 6

Q21 :

The numerator of a fraction is 3 less than its denominator. If 2 is added to both the numerator and the denominator, then the sum of the new fraction and original fraction is $\frac{29}{20}$. Find the original fraction.

Q22 :

Ramkali required Rs 2,500 after 12 weeks to send her daughter to school. She saved Rs 100 in the first week and increased her weekly saving by Rs 20 every week. Find whether she will be able to send her daughter to school after 12 weeks.

What value is generated in the above situation?

Q23 :

Solve for x :

Q24 :

Prove that the tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.

Q25 :

In Fig. 7, tangents PQ and PR are drawn from an external point P to a circle with centre O, such that ∠RPQ = 30°. A chord RS is drawn parallel to the tangent PQ. Find ∠RQS. Figure 7

Q26 :

Construct a triangle ABC with BC = 7 cm, ∠B = 60° and AB = 6 cm. Construct another triangle whose sides are $\frac{3}{4}$ times the corresponding sides of ΔABC.

Q27 :

From a point P on the ground the angle of elevation of the top of a tower is 30° and that of the top of a flag staff fixed on the top of the tower, is 60°. If the length of the flag staff is 5 m, find the height of the tower.

Q28 :

A box contains 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. A card is drawn at random from the box. Find the probability that the number on the drawn card is
(i) divisible by 2 or 3
(ii) a prime number

Q29 :

If A(−4, 8), B(−3, −4), C(0, −5) and D(5, 6) are the vertices of a quadrilateral ABCD, find its area.

Q30 :

A well of diameter 4 m is dug 14 m deep. The earth taken out is spread evenly all around the well to form a 40 cm high embankment. Find the width of the embankment.