NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Unit 11

The Proposal Class 10

Unit 11 The Proposal Exercise Answers & Summary

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Thinking about languagethinking about the play : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 157

Q1 :  

1.This play has been translated into English from the Russian original. Are there any expressions or ways of speaking that strike you as more Russian than English? For example, would an adult man be addressed by an older man as my darling or my treasure in an English play?

Read through the play carefully, and find expressions that you think are not used in contemporary English, and contrast these with idiomatic modern English expressions that also occur in the play.

3. Look up the following phrases in a dictionary to find out their meaning, and then use each in a sentence of your own.

(i) You may take it that

(ii) He seems to be coming round

(iii) My foot's gone to sleep


Answer :

1. Expressions not used in contemporary English

1. “my darling”, “my beauty”, “my precious”, “my angel”, “my beloved” (here, an older man is addressing an adult man)

2. “...and so on...” (here, it is used after a sentence in order to complete it)

3. “...and all that sort of thing.” (not explaining what it is, just leaving it as it is)

4. “...and all that.” (again leaving the sentence as it is)

5. “the scarecrow”, “the stuffed sausage”, “the wizen-faced frump” (In this way, they hurled insults at each other)

6. “And how may you be getting on?” (Here, Lomov is asking Chubukov about his well-being)

Modern English expressions

1. “Madam”, “my heart”, “honoured Natalya Stepanovna” (used by Lomov for Natalya)

2. “Honoured Stepan Stepanovitch” (used by Lomov for Chubukov)

3. “I beg your pardon...”

4. “My dear fellow” (Chubukov addressing Lomov)

5. “malicious, double-faced intriguer”, “fool” (Chubukov insulting Lomov)

3. (i)You may take it that I am lying, but in fact it will help you in the long run.

(ii) He seems to be coming round after the trauma of his father's death.

(iii) After the three hour long yoga session, my foot's gone to sleep.

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Q2 :  

What does Chubukov at first suspect that Lomov has come for? Is he sincere when he later says “And I've always loved you, my angel, as if you were my own son”? Find reasons for your answer from the play.


Answer :

At first, Chubukov suspected that Lomov had come to borrow money. He was not sincere when he told Lomov that he had always loved him and that he was like his own son. He had decided that he would not give Lomov any money if he tried borrowing from him. If he truly meant what he had said, then he would not have thought of not giving him money. He said so only because Lomov had come with the proposal to marry his daughter.

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Q3 :  

Chubukov says of Natalya: "... as if she won't consent! She's in love; egad, she's like a lovesick cat…" Would you agree? Find reasons for your answer.


Answer :

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Thinking about language : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 158

Q1 :  

You mush have noticed that when we report someone's exact words, we have to make some changes in the sentence structure. In the following sentences fill in the blanks to list the changes that have occurred in the above pairs of sentences. One has been done for you.

1. To report a question, we use the reporting verb asked(as in Sentence Set 1).

2. To report a declaration, we use the reporting verb __________.

3. The adverb of place here changes to ___________.

4. When the verb in direct speech is in the present tense, the verb in reported speech is in the ______________ tense (as in Sentence Set 3).

5. If the verb in direct speech is in the present continuous tense, the verb in reported speech changes to ______________tense. For example, ____________ changes to was getting.

6. When the sentence in direct speech contains a word denoting respect, we add the adverb _______________in the reporting clause (as in Sentence Set 1).

7.The pronouns I, me, ourand mine, which are used in the first person in direct speech, change to third person pronouns such as____________, ___________, ___________ or __________in reported speech.


Answer :

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Q2 :  

Here is an excerpt from an article from the Times of India dated 27 August 2006. Rewrite it, changing the sentences in direct speech into reported speech. Leave the other sentences unchanged.

Why do you want to know my age? If people know I am so old,I won't get work!” laughs 90-year-old A. K. Hangal, one of Hindi cinema's most famous character actors. For his age, he is rather energetic. “What's the secret?” we ask. “My intake of everything is in small quantities. And I walk a lot,” he replies. “I joined the industry when people retire. I was in my 40s. So I don't miss being called a star. I am still respected and given work, when actors of my age are living in poverty and without work. I don't have any complaints,” he says, adding, “but yes, I have always been underpaid.” Recipient of the Padma Bhushan, Hangal never hankered after money or materialistic gains. “No doubt I am content today, but money is important. I was a fool not to understand the value of money earlier,” he regrets.


Answer :

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First Flight - English : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions & Summary for Class 10th for The Proposal will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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