NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Unit 2

Long Walk to Freedom Class 10

Unit 2 Long Walk to Freedom Exercise Answers & Summary

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Oral comprehension check : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 18

Q1 :  

Where did the ceremonies take place? Can you name any public buildings in India that are made of sandstone?


Answer :

The ceremonies took place in the sandstone amphitheatre formed by the Union Buildings in Pretoria.

The Parliament House in New Delhi, the Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi, the Supreme Court of India in New Delhi and Madras High Court in Chennai are some examples of Indian public buildings that are made of sandstone.

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Q2 :  

Can you say how 10 May is an 'autumn day' in South Africa?


Answer :

10 May is an 'autumn day' in South Africa because on this day there was the largest gathering of international leaders on South African soil for the installation of South Africa's first democratic, non-racial government.

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Q3 :  

At the beginning of his speech, Mandela mentions "an extraordinary human disaster". What does he mean by this? What is the "glorious … human achievement" he speaks of at the end?


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Q4 :  

What does Mandela thank the international leaders for?


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Q5 :  

What ideals does he set out for the future of South Africa?


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Q6 :  

What do the military generals do? How has their attitude changed, and why?


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Q7 :  

Why were two national anthems sung?


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Q8 :  

How does Mandela describe the systems of government in his country (i) in the first decade, and (ii) in the final decade, of the twentieth century?


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Q9 :  

What does courage mean to Mandela?


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Q10 :  

Which does he think is natural, to love or to hate?


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Thinking about the textthinking about languageoral : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 24

Q1 :  

Why did such a large number of international leaders attend the inauguration? What did it signify the triumph of?


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Q2 :  

There are nouns in the text (formation, government) which are formed from the corresponding verbs (form, govern) by suffixing - (at)ionor ment. There may be change in the spelling of some verb - noun pairs: such as rebel, rebellion; constitute, constitution.

1. Make a list of such pairs of nouns and verbs in the text.

Noun

Verb

rebellion

rebel

constitution

constitute

2. Read the paragraph below. Fill in the blanks with the noun forms of the verbs in brackets.

Martin Luther King's __________ (contribute) to our history as an outstanding leader began when he came to the __________ (assist) of Rosa Parks, a seamstress who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger. In those days American Blacks were confined to positions of second class citizenship by restrictive laws and customs. To break these laws would mean __________ (subjugate) and _______


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Q3 :  

What "twin obligations" does Mandela mention?


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Q4 :  

What does Mandela mean when he says he is "simply the sum of all those African patriots" who had gone before him?


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Q5 :  

What did being free mean to Mandela as a boy, and as a student? How does he contrast these "transitory freedoms" with "the basic and honourable freedoms"?


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Q6 :  

Would you agree that the “depths of oppression” create “heights of character? How does Mandela illustrate this? Can you add your own examples to this argument?


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Q7 :  

Does Mandela think the oppressor is free? Why/Why not?


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Q8 :  

How did Mandela's understanding of freedom change with age and experience?


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Q9 :  

How did Mandela's 'hunger for freedom' change his life?


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Thinking about language : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 25

Q1 :  

Here are some more examples of 'the' used with proper names. Try to say what these sentences mean. (You may consult a dictionary if you wish. Look at the entry for 'the')

1. Mr Singh regularly invites the Amitabh Bachchans and the Shah Rukh Khans to his parties.

2. Many people think that Madhuri Dixit is the Madhubala of our times.

3. History is not only the story of the Alexanders, the Napoleons and the Hitlers, but of ordinary people as well.


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Q2 :  

Match, the italicised phrases in Column A with the phrase nearest meaning in Column B. (Hint: First look for the sentence in the text which the phrase in column A occurs.)

A

B

1.

I was not unmindful of the fact.

(i)

had not forgotten: was aware of the fact

(ii)

was not careful about the fact

(iii)

forgot or was not aware of the fact

2.

When my comrades and I were pushed to our limits

(i)

pushed by the guards to the wall

(ii)

took more than our share of beatings

(iii)

felt that we could not endure the suffering any longer

3.

To reassure me and keep me going

(i)

make me go on walking


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