NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English Literature Reader Unit 11

The Rime of the Ancient Mariner Class 10

Unit 11 The Rime of the Ancient Mariner Exercise Answers & Summary

Summary of "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner"

The poem starts with three young men walking together to a wedding. An elderly mariner with a grey beard and a glittering eye stopped one of the three young men. One of young men is transfixed by the ancient Mariner's "glittering eye" and sat on a stone to listen to his strange tale.

He started narrating the story. The mariner said that they were given a warm send-off when they started their journey. The weather was clear and they sailed south for many days. The Mariner recalled that the voyage quickly darkened, as a giant storm rose up in the sea and chased the ship southward. It was extremely gold with ice everywhere. The wind also stopped.

But then there came an Albatross, a great sea bird. As it flew around the ship, the ice cracked and split and a wind from the south propelled the ship out of the frigid regions, into a foggy stretch of water. The Albatross was a symbol of good luck to the sailors. However one day a sailor killed the Albatross with his crossbow.

At first, the other sailors were angry with the Mariner for having killed the bird that made the breezes blow. But when the fog lifted soon afterward, the sailors decided that the bird had actually brought not the breeze but the fog. The other mariners said that he had done a good thing by killing the Albatross that brought mist and snow. Then, the breeze stopped blowing and the ocean thickened. The men had no water to drink now. The sailors blamed the Mariner for their plight and hung the dead Albatross around his neck like a cross.
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Unit-11 : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 111

Q1 :  

Look at the picture carefully and answer the questions given below:

What can you see in the picture? Does the man look happy?

Give reasons for your answer.


Answer :

Note: This question is to be answered on the basis of your own understanding, experience and thoughts. It is strongly recommended that you prepare the solution on your own. However, sample solutions have been provided for your reference.

There is a distressed man standing in the company of a few other men, who seem to be on board a ship. The man, definitely, doesn't look happy. He seems to be deep in sorrow, because his neck is hung low and his hand slapped on his forehead.

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Q2 :  

Look at the picture carefully and answer the questions given below:

Why does he have the bird hanging around his neck?


Answer :

Note: This question is to be answered on the basis of your own understanding, experience and thoughts. It is strongly recommended that you prepare the solution on your own. However, sample solutions have been provided for your reference.

The bird hanging around his neck might symbolize the memory of his committing a terrible error.

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Q3 :  

Look at the picture carefully and answer the questions given below:

Have you heard of the expression- 'having an albatross around your neck'? What do you think it means? Does it mean:

a. Something that you can always be proud of

b. Something that you have to do because you have no choice

c. Something that is with you all the time as a reminder that you have done something wrong?


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Q4 :  

Look at the picture carefully and answer the questions given below:

What is an albatross?


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Q5 :  

Here are some of the archaic words used in the poem; can you match them with the words used in Modern English Language that mean the same? The first one has been done for you as an example:

Stoppeth-

Stopped

Thy

entered

Wherefore

why

Stopp'st

you

Thou

lunatic

May'st

at once

Quoth

fainting fit

Loon

has

Eftsoons

can't you

Dropt

stopping

Hath

church

Spake

enemy

Kirk

yes

Paced

see

Foe

call

Aye

trouble

Ken

looking

Swound

your

Hollo

said

Plague

dropped

Look'st

spoke


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Q6 :  

Using the words given above rewrite Part1 of the poem in your own words. The first stanza has been done as an example:

It is an ancient Mariner,

And he stoppeth one of three.

'By thy long grey beard and glittering eye,

Now wherefore stopp'st thou me?

An old sailor stopped one of the three people passing by, who asked: "Old man, with your long grey beard and glittering eye, why are you stopping me?"


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Q7 :  

The Ancient Mariner stopped one of the three wedding guests because…………

i. he wanted to attend the wedding with him

ii. he wanted him to sit with him

iii. he wanted him to listen to his story

iv. he wanted to stop him from going to the wedding


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Q8 :  

The wedding guest remarked that he was 'next of kin' which means that ……..

i. he was a close relation of the bridegroom

ii. he was a close relation of the bride

iii. he was next in line to get married

iv. he had to stand next to the bridegroom during the wedding


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Q9 :  

'He cannot choose but hear' means………

i. the mariner was forced to hear the story of the wedding guest

ii. the wedding guest was forced to hear the story of the mariner

iii. the mariner had the choice of not listening to the story of the wedding guest

iv. the wedding guest had the choice of not listening to the story of the mariner


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Q10 :  

'The sun came up upon the left, /Out of the sea came he;'This line tells us that the ship………………….

i. was moving in the northern direction

ii. was moving eastwards

iii. was moving in the western direction

iv. was moving towards the south


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Q11 :  

The Wedding-Guest beat his breast because…………

i. he could hear the sound of the bassoon

ii. he was forced to listen to the Mariner's tale when he wanted to attend the wedding

iii. the sound of the bassoon meant that the bride had arrived and the wedding ceremony was about to begin and he could not attend it.

iv. the sound of the bassoon announced the arrival of the bride and the start of the wedding ceremony


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Q12 :  

The storm blast has been described as being tyrannous because……….

i. it was so fierce that it frightened the sailors

ii. it took complete control of the ship

iii. the storm was very powerful

iv. the sailors were at its mercy


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Q13 :  

The sailors felt depressed on reaching the land of mist and snow because……

i. there was no sign of any living creature

ii. they felt they would die in that cold weather

iii. they were surrounded by icebergs and there seemed to be no sign of life

iv. everything was grey in colour and they felt very cold


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Q14 :  

The sailors were happy to see the albatross because……..

i. it was the first sign of life and therefore gave them hope that they might survive

ii. it split the icebergs around the ship and helped the ship move forward.

iii. it was a messenger from God and it lifted the fog and mist.

iv. it gave them hope of survival by splitting the icebergs.


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Q15 :  

The two things that happened after the arrival of the albatross were ……

i. the icebergs split and the albatross became friendly with the sailors

ii. the icebergs split and a strong breeze started blowing

iii. the ship was pushed out of the land of mist and the ice melted.

iv. the albatross started playing with the mariners and ate the food they offered.


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Q16 :  

'It perched for vespers nine' means………

i. the ship stopped sailing at nine o'clock every day

ii. the albatross would appear at a fixed time everyday.

iii. the albatross would sit on the sail or the mast everyday

iv. the albatross was a holy creature


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Q17 :  

'God save thee, ancient Mariner, /From the fiends that plague thee thus!- Why look'st thou so?' means……….

i. the mariner wanted to know why the wedding guest was looking so tormented

ii. the wedding guest wanted to know why the mariner was looking so tormented

iii. the wedding guest wanted to know whether some creatures were troubling the ancient mariner

iv. the ancient mariner wanted to know whether something was troubling the wedding guest


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Q18 :  

How did the ancient mariner stop the wedding guest?


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Q19 :  

Was the wedding guest happy to be stopped? Give reasons for your answer.


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Q20 :  

Describe the ancient mariner.


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Q21 :  

How does the mariner describe the movement of the ship as it sails away from the land?


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Q22 :  

What kind of weather did the sailors enjoy at the beginning of their journey? How has it been expressed in the poem?


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Q23 :  

How did the sailors reach the land of mist and snow?


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Q24 :  

How does the mariner express the fact that the ship was completely surrounded by icebergs?


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Q25 :  

How do we know that the albatross was not afraid of the humans? Why did the sailors hail it in God's name?


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Q26 :  

What was the terrible deed done by the Mariner? Why do you think he did it?


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Q27 :  

There are a number of literary device used in the poem. Some of them have been listed below. Choose the right ones and write them down in the table as shown in the example. In each of the cases explain what they mean.

Simile, metaphor, alliteration, personification, hyperbole, repetition

1.

The Wedding-Guest stood still, And listens like a three years' child:

Simile; the wedding guest was completely under the control of the mariner

2.

Below the kirk, below the hill,

Below the lighthouse top

 

3.

The sun came up upon the left,

Out of the sea came he

 

4.

The bride hath paced into the hall,

Red as a rose is she

 

5.

And now the storm-blast came,

and he was tyrannous and strong:

 

6.

With sloping masts and dipping prow,

As who pursued with yell and blow

Still treads the shadow of his foe

 

7.

The ice was here, the ice was there,

The ice was all around

 


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Q28 :  

In groups of four discuss what you think happens next in the poem. Share your views with the rest of the class.


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Q29 :  

In which direction did the ship start moving? How can you say?


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Q30 :  

Why does the mariner say that 'no sweet bird did follow'?


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Q31 :  

How did the other mariners behave towards the Ancient Mariner at first? How many times did they change their mind about the Ancient Mariner? What does this tell us about their character?


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Q32 :  

How did the sailing conditions change after the ship had moved out of the land of mist and snow? What or who did the mariners blame for this change?


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Q33 :  

What is indicated by the line 'The bloody sun, at noon,/Right up above the mast did stand,/No bigger than the moon'?


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Q34 :  

How does the mariner describe the fact that they were completely motionless in the middle of the sea?


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Q35 :  

What is the irony in the ninth stanza? Explain it in your own words.


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Q36 :  

What is the narrator trying to convey through the description of the situation in the tenth and eleventh stanza?


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Q37 :  

What or who did the mariners feel was responsible for their suffering?


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Q38 :  

Describe the condition of the mariners as expressed in the thirteenth stanza.


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Q39 :  

Why did the mariners hang the albatross around the neck of the Ancient Mariner?


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Q40 :  

Like part one, the second part also has a number of literary devices. List them out in the same way as you had done in question number seven and explain them.


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Q41 :  

What is the rhyme scheme of the poem?


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Q42 :  

Find examples of the use of interesting sounds from the poem and explain their effect on the reader.

1.

The ice 'cracked and growled and roared and howled'

Coleridge uses onomatopoeic words which use harsh 'ck' sounds to make the ice sound brutal. He also gives the ice animal sounds to give the impression it has come alive and is attacking the ship


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<< Previous Chapter 10 : Ozymandias Next Chapter 12 : Snake >>

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