NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English Literature Reader Unit 14

Julius Caesar Class 10

Unit 14 Julius Caesar Exercise Answers & Summary

Summary of "Julius Caesar"

At the senate Metellus gives a petition requesting Caesar to recall his brother, Publius who had been banished from Rome. Caesar answers that since Publius had been banished by lawful decree; there is no just cause for absolving his guilt. Brutus and Cassius kneel at Caesar's feet and repeat Metellus's plea. Caesar answers that he will not change his mind, declaring himself to be as 'constant as the Northern Star'. Caesar is murdered in the Senate House by the conspirators. Recognizing that the Brutus, too, has joined with the conspirators, Caesar speaks his last word:"Ettu, Brute?"-Then falls Caesar.

Antony enters and pretends that he agrees with the conspirators actions. Addressing Caesar's departed spirit; Antony asks to be pardoned for making peace with the conspirators over his dead body. However, Antony is granted permission to speak at Caesar's funeral. Brutus and Cassius enter the Forum with a Crowd of Plebeians. Brutus speaks first at the funeral to explain their reasons for killing Caesar. He feared that the Romans would live as slave under Caesar's leadership. The people seem to accept his explanation.

Brutus explains to the crowd that Antony had no part in the conspiracy. And then Antony enters with Caesar's body. Antony says that he has come to bury Caesar, not to praise him. Throughout his speech, Antony never really says anything bad about Brutus and the others, but he talks about Caesar being such a great and noble man willing to sacrifice all for his people. He reminds the plebeians of the day when he offered the crown to Caesar three times, Caesar refused and three times. He insists that as they all loved Caesar once, they should mourn for him.

The Plebeians are touched. They become angry and a mob runs through the streets in search of the conspirators. Battle plans are made as well as a list of people supportive of Brutus and the conspirators to be killed. There is a battle between the armies of Octavius Caesar and Antony Clash with those of Brutus and Cassius at Philippi and Sardis. Finally Brutus and Cassius are defeated and both commit suicide.
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Unit-14 : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 157

Q1 :  

Consult a dictionary and find out the difference between:

(a) killing

(b) murder

(c) assassination


Answer :

(a)Killing - to deprive of life in any manner

(b)Murder - killing of another human being

(c)Assassination - to murder by a surprise attack, especially for political purposes

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Q2 :  

Popular and powerful leaders have been assassinated in the past as well as in recent times. Can you name some of them?

  • ________________________________________________________________

  • ________________________________________________________________

  • ________________________________________________________________

  • ________________________________________________________________

  • ________________________________________________________________


Answer :

  • Mahatma Gandhi______

  • __Indira Gandhi_________

  • ___Rajiv Gandhi_________

  • ___Abraham Lincoln_____

  • ___John F. Kennedy______

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Q3 :  

Discuss in groups the reasons why the leaders you named in (2) were assassinated. Is assassination the end to a problem?


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Q4 :  

When Caesar says "Nor heaven nor earth have been at peace to-night" he sounds

_______________

(a) worried

(b) angry

(c) joyous

(d) frightened


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Q5 :  

Caesar's reference to the senators as 'graybeards' shows his _______________

(a) confidence

(b) cowardice

(c) arrogance

(d) ambition


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Q6 :  

Decius Brutus changes Caesar's mind about going to the Senate by appealing to his

_______________

(a) ambition

(b) vanity

(c) greed

(d) generosity


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Q7 :  

The offer that Cassius makes to Antony after Caesar's assassination is that_______________

(a) the conspirators would like to be friends with him

(b) he may take Caesar's body to the pulpit and speak to the crowd praising Caesar for his achievements

(c) his recommendations will be as strong as that of the conspirators while distributing the powers and benefits to friends

(d) he may join the conspiracy against Caesar


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Q8 :  

Cassius tries to stop Brutus from letting Antony speak at Caesar's funeral as he _______________

(a) knows the Roman mob loves Caesar and Antony

(b) knows Brutus is not a good orator

(c) knows they should not have killed Caesar

(d) knows Antony is a good orator who can sway the mob


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Q9 :  

What prophecy does Antony make over Caesar's dead body?

(a) Romans will see Caesar's ghost roaming on the streets

(b) Rome will experience fierce civil war in which many people will die

(c) Rome will be ruled by Ate

(d) Roman women will smile at the death of Caesar


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Q10 :  

After listening to Brutus' speech, the Third Citizen says 'Let him be Caesar'. This clearly shows he _______________

(a) has not understood Brutus' reason for killing Caesar

(b) loved Caesar more than he loves Brutus

(c) loves Brutus more than he loved Caesar

(d) thinks Brutus killed Caesar to assume power.


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Q11 :  

When Antony calls the conspirators 'honourable men' his tone is _______________

(a) admiring

(b) flattering

(c) angry

(d) mocking


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Q12 :  

Antony's reference to Caesar's conquest of the Nervii is to _______________

(a) remind the mob of Caesar's greatness as a warrior

(b) make the mob feel afraid of being attacked by the war-like race

(c) make the crowd weep for Caesar who died at war

(d) stop and collect his emotions as he is feeling very upset


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Q13 :  

Antony's remark Mischief, thou art afoot,

Take thou what course thou wilt! , shows him to be _______________

(a) a ruthless manipulator

(b) an honourable man

(c) a loyal friend

(d) a tactful man


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Q14 :  

How do the heavens 'blaze forth' the death of Julius Caesar?


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Q15 :  

How do the heavens 'blaze forth' the death of Julius Caesar?


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Q16 :  

Why does Calpurnia say Caesar's 'wisdom is consumed in confidence'? What does she mean?


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Q17 :  

What does Calpurnia dream about Caesar? How does Decius Brutus interpret the dream?


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Q18 :  

What are the arguments put forward by Decius Brutus to convince Caesar to go to the Capitol?


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Q19 :  

Why is Decius more successful than Calpurnia in persuading Caesar?


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Q20 :  

What is the petition put before Caesar by the conspirators? How does Caesar respond to it?


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Q21 :  

Who says "Et tu Brute"? When are these words spoken? Why?


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Q22 :  

In the moments following Caesar's death what do the conspirators proclaim to justify Caesar's death?


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Q23 :  

Seeing the body of Caesar, Antony is overcome by grief. What does he say about Caesar?


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Q24 :  

Whom does Antony call 'the choice and master spirits of this age"? Why?


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Q25 :  

How do Brutus and Cassius respond to Antony's speech?


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Q26 :  

Why does Cassius object to allowing Antony to speak at Caesar's funeral? How does Brutus overcome this objection?


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Q27 :  

What are the conditions imposed by the conspirators before allowing Antony to speak at Caesar's funeral?


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Q28 :  

When he is left alone with the body of Caesar what does Anthony call Brutus and the others?


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Q29 :  

What prediction does Antony make regarding the future events in Rome?


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Q30 :  

What reasons does Brutus give for murdering Caesar?


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Q31 :  

Who says, "Let him be Caesar"? What light does this throw on the speaker?


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Q32 :  

Why is Antony's speech more effective?


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Q33 :  

At the end of the scene what is the fate of Brutus and Cassius?


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Q34 :  

Julius Caesar and Antony reveal something their character in their words and actions. We also learn about them from what other people say. Pick out the words that describe them from the box given below.

superstitious

arrogant

loyal

clever

over-confident

manipulative

good orator

ambitious

brave

great conqueror

generous

fearless

loves flattery

firm

shrewd

crafty

Person

Extract from play

What it tells us about the character

Julius Caesar

1. the things that threaten'd me Ne'er look'd but on my back; when they shall see

The face of Caesar, they are vanished.

1. arrogant

2. __________________________

__________________________

__________________________

3. __________________________

__________________________

__________________________

4. __________________________

__________________________

__________________________

5. __________________________

__________________________

__________________________

6. __________________________

__________________________

__________________________

.

Person

Extract from play

What it tells us about the character

Mark Antony

1. __________________________

__________________________

__________________________

2. __________________________

__________________________

__________________________

3. __________________________

__________________________

__________________________

4. __________________________

__________________________

__________________________

5. __________________________

__________________________

__________________________

6. __________________________

__________________________

__________________________


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Q35 :  

In the play 'Julius Caesar', we meet the Roman mob. We find that as Brutus and Antony speak, the mob displays certain qualities and characteristics.

Given below are some characteristics of the mob. Complete the table by quoting the ones wherein these are revealed.

Words/actions of the mob

Characteristics

1. __________________________

__________________________

__________________________

Foolish

2. __________________________

__________________________

__________________________

Does not understand the ideals of democracy

3. __________________________

__________________________

__________________________

Emotional

4. __________________________

__________________________

__________________________

Greedy

5. __________________________

__________________________

__________________________

Fickle

6. __________________________

__________________________

__________________________

Violent


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Q36 :  

Antony employs a number of devices to produce the desired effect on the mob. These devices may be described as rhetorical devices. He first speaks in such a manner that it seems to the mob that he is in full agreement with Brutus about Caesar. Then step by step he moves away from Brutus' position, depicting Brutus as a villain and Caesar as a wronged man. Copy and complete the following table by showing how Antony builds the argument in Caesar's favour.

Antony's words

Argument

1. I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him.

Does not wish to eulogise Caesar

2. The noble Brutus

Hath told you Caesar was ambitious:

If it were so, it was a grievous fault,

And grievously hath Caesar answered it.

Seemingly agrees with Brutus


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Q37 :  

Cowards die many times before their deaths;

The valiant never taste of death but once.

Of all the wonders that I yet have heard.

It seems to me most strange that men should fear;

Seeing that death, a necessary end,

Will come when it will come.

(a) Whom is Caesar speaking to? Why does he say these words?

(b) What fears has the listener expressed?

(c) What is the basis for the fears expressed?


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Q38 :  

But here's a parchment with the seal of Cesar;

I found it in his closet, 'tis his will:

Let but the commons hear this testament -

Which, pardon me, I do not mean to read -

And they would go and kiss dead Cesar's wounds

(a) Who speaks these words? Where is the speaker at this moment?

(b)What are the contents of Caesar's will that he is referring to?

(c) Why does the speaker read Caesar's will to the citizens?

(d) What is the reaction of the listeners to the reading of the will?


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Q39 :  

Stage a press conference that takes place shortly after Caesar's death. The "reporters" should have their questions written down ahead of time to ask the students who play the roles of Brutus, Antony and Cassius.These questions should focus on the key events in the play, as well as the characters' intentions.


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Q40 :  

Why was the conspiracy to assassinate Julius Caesar hatched?


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Q41 :  

Was Caesar really ambitious? Find evidence from the play to support your answer.


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Q42 :  

What was Cassius' motive for murdering Julius Caesar?


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Q43 :  

Why was it essential for the conspirators to include Brutus in the conspiracy?


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Q44 :  

What were the mistakes made by Brutus that led to the failure of the conspiracy?


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Q45 :  

Comment on Caesar's friendship with Antony.


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Q46 :  

Write a brief character sketch of Antony.


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Q47 :  

What is the role of Julius Caesar's ghost in the play, Julius Caesar?


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Q48 :  

Why does Antony call Brutus 'the noblest Roman of them all'?


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Q49 :  

How do Brutus and Cassius meet their end?


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Q50 :  

A reporter covers the event of the assassination of Julius Caesar in the senate giving graphic details and a catchy headline. Write the newspaper report in about 200 words.


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Literature Reader - English : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions & Summary for Class 10th for Julius Caesar will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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