NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English Main Course Book (MCB) Unit 17

Unit-4 A Tale of Three Villages Class 10

Unit 17 Unit-4 A Tale of Three Villages Exercise Answers & Summary

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Unit-4 : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 151

Q1 :  

Now that you have each read one of the stories above, first complete the appropriate column of the table below. When you have done that, ask the other two students in your group about the stories you have not read. For example, ask "In which country did your story take place? What type of pollution is there?" When it is your turn to give information, only do so when the other two students ask you questions. As you receive the answer, complete the other two columns.

 

D.1

D.2

D.3

Country

_______

_______

_______

Cause (s)of pollution

_______

_______

_______

Who is responsible?

_______

_______

_______

Consequences

_______

_______

_______

What do you think

_______

_______

_______


Answer :

A sample of the table completed on the basis of the stories is given below. You may express your opinion wherever asked for.

 

D.1

D.2

D.3

Country

Nigeria, Africa (Koko village)

India, Asia (Ponnimanthuri village)

Ukraine, Asia (Vorobyov Village)

Cause (s)of pollution

Drums containing poisonous chemicals being disposed in the local villages like Koko. This poison leaks into the local streams and other water sources contaminating the water and thus, threatening lives of locals.

The chemicals discharged from the leather factory set up in the village into open environment, fields and water sources, acutely pollute soil/land, air and water. The factory should have been set up in an uninhabited area with waste land.

The nuclear dust spread due to the nuclear explosion in 1986. The radioactive rays spread and murdered children and adults, leaving the village destitute.

Who is responsible?

These chemicals drums are brought from Italy. But more than Italy's government, Nigeria's government is responsible as they should not let other countries exploit their land in such manner. They alone know what they gain by putting lives of locals at risk.

The local governing authorities shouldn't have given license for the set up of such factories in an inhabited village where land is used for agricultural purpose.

It is possible that a bomb from Chernobyl exploded in the premise of the nuclear reactor, causing the explosion.

Consequences

These chemicals are highly hazardous and life threatening due to their poisonous nature. And as they are placed near the water source, and the drums are leaking their substance into it. There are rising number of deaths in the village as this water is used by the whole village for drinking and other domestic chores

Tanning uses as many as 250 different chemicals, including heavy metals such as cadmium, arsenic and chromium that, if not properly treated before being discharged, can be acutely hazardous. The agricultural land has turned into a waste land, the water and air are polluted to the most. Now the villagers are facing severe problems like ulcers and sores.

The radioactive rays from the dust due to nuclear explosion caused lot of deaths.

What do you think

We all talk of national integration and patriotism to be inculcated in citizens of a nation. But it is more important these days for politicians to be put to schools and teach them these fundamentals so they are faithful to their mother land and to their people who have chosen them their representatives so that the country progresses and the people are provided with a better system and society to live. Although colonialism by European countries has ended but this trend of neo-colonialism has emerged.

It is not the poor who are actually responsible for the various blames they receive every now and then; the poor standards of hygiene, the corruption, pollution, low standards of agricultural, poor production of crops. The farmers are not to be blamed. They should be given good subsidies and the agricultural lands must not be allotted for chemical industries.

Wars have never done good to anyone. Besides nuclear energy, though generates huge power, is not suggested by many experts for power generation. When so many other sources are available, then why go for a source that involves such grave risks? Recent happenings in Japan have taught us the same lesson. Never breach the laws of nature or she knows well how to have her revenge.

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Q2 :  

Why do you think there are "three large, empty metal drums" outside Mr.Nana's front door?


Answer :

There are "three large, empty metal drums" outside Mr. Nana's front door because they were unloaded by a few people who brought those from Italy. These contained poisonous chemicals which were brought over there to the Chief by a few people, in exchange for a brown-bag.

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Q3 :  

Why do you think the drums were sent from Italy to Nigeria?


Answer :

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Q4 :  

What do you think was in the brown paper bag that the Chief received?


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Q5 :  

What do you think was in the brown paper bag that the Chief received?


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Q6 :  

Vijayasama and the narrator both refer many times to "they." Who do you think "they" are?


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Q7 :  

Why do you think the women of the village have to walk 10 km every day?


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Q8 :  

Why does Vijayasama say: "We don't buy leather shoes or leather handbags or leather clothes?"


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Q9 :  

Why do you think Natasha's three children died?


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Q10 :  

Where do you think Natasha lives now?


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Q11 :  

What do you think is going to happen to Nataasha very soon? Why?


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Q12 :  

Still working in groups of three, find any ten "happy" words and ten "unhappy" words from the passages you have just read. First, copy and complete the table below:

 

happy“ words

unhappy“ words

Koko village, Nigeria

Ponnimanthuri

Village, India

Vorobyov

Village, Ukraine

  • Picturesque

  • Colourful

  • skull and crossbones symbol, corroded, slimy


Answer :

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