NCERT Book Page Number – 18
Q :-1- You have been provided with three test tubes. One of them contains distilled water and the other two contain an acidic solution and a basic solution, respectively. If you are given only red litmus paper, how will you identify the contents of each test tube?
The acidic and basic nature of the solution can be identified by using litmus paper. A basic solution turns red litmus to blue and an acidic solution turns the blue litmus to red.
The solution which changes the red litmus to blue is basic solution.
Now, between two solutions, which turn the litmus which turned blue because of basic solution, to red, is acidic solution.
The last one solution is distilled water.
NCERT Book Page Number - 22
Q :-1- 1. Why should curd and sour substances not be kept in brass and copper vessels?
Curd and other sour substances reacts with brass and copper vessels and forms hydrogen and other harmful substances due to presence of acid in them. That’s why curd and other sour substances should not be kept in brass and copper vessels.
Q :-2 - Which gas is usually liberated when an acid reacts with a metal? Illustrate with an example. How will you test for the presence of this gas?
When acid reacts with metal, it liberates hydrogen gas usually.
The hydrogen gas liberates by reaction of acid and metals is tested by using following method –
Fit an apparatus as shown in the figure.
(Ref:Figure taken from NCERT Book)
Reaction involve in this process:-
Q :-3- Metal compound A reacts with dilute hydrochloric acid to produce effervescence. The gas evolved extinguishes a burning candle. Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction if one of the compounds formed is calcium chloride.
When calcium carbonate reacts with hydrochloric acid, it produces carbon dioxide gas with effervescence. Carbon dioxide used as fire extinguisher. Hence, it extinguishes a burning candle. Therefore, the metal compound A is calcium carbonate.
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