NCERT Solutions of Carbon and its Compounds Class 10
<< Carbon : Organic CompoundFunctional Group And Nomenclature of Hydrocarbon >>

Class Ten CBSE NCERT

Carbon and Its Compounds

Carbon: Unsaturated Hydrocarbons: Alkene and Alkyne

ALKENE:- Hydrocarbons having at least one double bond between two carbon atoms are known as ALKENE.

Alkane – ane + ene = Alkene.

Name of this compound: Since, hydrocarbon having one carbon atom is known as Methane.

Thus, Methane – ane + ene = Methene

But, alkene does not exist with one carbon atom, thus, methene does not exist.

In similar way, other Alkenes are formed.

ALKYNE: Hydrocarbons having at least one triple bond between two carbon atoms are known as alkyne.

Alkane – ane + yne = Alkyne

Similarly,

Ethane – ane + yne = Ethyne

Propane – ane + yne = Propyne

Butane – ane + yne = Butyne

Pentane – ane + yne = Pentyne

In similar way other Alkynes are formed.

Cyclic Hydrocarbon:-

Carbon can form cyclic structure combining with carbon atoms. Such hydrocarbons are known as cyclic hydrocarbon.


      

NCERT Solutions of Carbon and its Compounds Class 10
<< Carbon : Organic CompoundFunctional Group And Nomenclature of Hydrocarbon >>

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