NCERT Solutions of Metals and Non-metals Class 10
<< Physical Properties of Metals:- Metals and Non-metals >>

Metals and Non-Metals

Chemical Properties of Metals (Part 2)

Reaction of metals with water:

Metals form respective metal hydroxide and hydrogen gas when react with water.

reaction of metal and water

All metals do not react with water. Alkali metals react vigorously with water.

Examples:

(1) Reaction of sodium metal with water: Sodium metal forms sodium hydroxide and liberates hydrogen gas along with lot of heat when reacts with water.

reaction of sodium and water

(2) Reaction of potassium metal with water: Potassium metal forms potassium hydroxide and liberates hydrogen gas along with lot of heat when reacts with water.

reaction of potassium and water

(3) Reaction of calcium metal with water: Calcium forms calcium hydroxide along with hydrogen gas and heat when reacts with water.

reaction of calcium and water

(4) Reaction of magnesium metal with water: Magnesium metal reacts with water slowly and forms magnesium hydroxide and hydrogen gas.

reaction of magnesium and water

When steam is passed over magnesium metal, magnesium oxide and hydrogen gas are formed.

reaction of magnesium and steam

(5) Reaction of aluminium metal with water: Reaction of aluminium metal with cold water is too slow to come into notice. But when steam is passed over aluminium metal; aluminium oxide and hydrogen gas are produced.

reaction of aluminium and steam

(6) Reaction of zinc metal with water: Zinc metal produces zinc oxide and hydrogen gas when steam is passed over it. Zinc does not react with cold water.

reaction of zinc and steam

(7) Reaction of Iron with water: Reaction of iron with cold water is very slow and come into notice after a long time. Iron forms rust (iron oxide) when reacts with moisture present in atmosphere.

Iron oxide and hydrogen gas are formed by passing of steam over iron metal.

reaction of iron and water

Other metals usually do not react with water or react very slowly.


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NCERT Solutions of Metals and Non-metals Class 10
<< Physical Properties of Metals:- Metals and Non-metals >>

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