Answer the following questions in 30 words.
(i) Name one important beverage crop and specify the geographical
conditions required for its growth.
(ii) Name one staple crop of India and the regions where it is
(iii) Enlist the various institutional reform programmes
introduced by the government in the interest of farmers.
(iv) The land under cultivation has got reduced day by day. Can
you imagine its consequences?
(i) Tea is an important beverage crop. To grow well, the tea
plant needs tropical or sub tropical climates, and deep and
fertile well-drained soil which is rich in humus and organic
(ii) Rice is a staple food crop of India. It grows in the plains
of north and north-east India, coastal areas and the deltaic
(iii) The various institutional reform programmes introduced by
the government for the benefit of farmers are
- Minimum Support
Price policy, provision for crop insurance, subsidy on
agricultural inputs and resources such as power and fertilisers,
Grameen banks, Kissan Credit Card and Personal Accident
(iv) A declining area of land under cultivation coupled
with increasing population can lead to serious
foodgrain shortages. This would in turn increase imports of
foodgrains, thereby causing the economy to reel under huge debts.
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