NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Contemporary India Unit 6

Manufacturing Industries Class 10

Unit 6 Manufacturing Industries Exercise Solutions

Manufacturing : Production of goods in large quantities after processing the raw materials into more valuable products is called manufacturing.

Importance of Manufacturing :
1. Manufacturing industries help in modernizing agriculture; which forms the backbone of our economy. Apart from this, manufacturing industries also reduce the heavy dependence of people on agricultural income. This becomes possible because of creation of new jobs in secondary and tertiary sectors.
2. Industrial development helps in eradication of unemployment and poverty.
3. Export of manufactured goods expands trade and commerce and brings in much needed foreign exchange.
4. A country with high level of manufacturing activities becomes prosperous.
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Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 79

Q1 :  

Multiple choice questions

(i) Which one of the following industries uses limestone as a raw material.

(a) Aluminium

(b) Cement

(c) Sugar

(d) Jute

(ii) Which one of the following agencies markets steel for the public sector plants?

(a) HAIL

(b) SAIL

(c) TATA Steel

(d) MNCC

(iii) Which one of the following industries uses bauxite as a raw material?

(a) Aluminium

(b) Cement

(c) Jute

(d) Steel

(iv) Which one of the following industries manufactures telephones, computer, etc?

(a) Steel

(b) Electronic

(c) Aluminium

(d) Information Technology


Answer :

(i) (b) Cement

(ii) (b) SAIL

(iii) (a) Aluminium

(iv) (b) Electronic

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Q2 :  

Answer the following briefly in not more than 30 words.

(i) What is manufacturing?

(ii) Name any three physical factors for the location of the industry.

(iii) Name any three human factors for the location of an industry.

(iv) What are basic industries? Give an example.

(v) Name the important raw materials used in the manufacturing of cement?


Answer :

(i) Manufacturing is the process in which goods are produced after processing the various raw materials. The raw materials themselves may be manufactured products.

(ii) Physical factors essential in deciding the location of an industry are - availability of raw materials, availability of capital and the proximity to the market.

(iii) Human factors essential in deciding the location of an industry are - availability of cheap labour, availability of services such as consultants and financial advice, and resources for maintaining labour.

(iv) Basic industries are those which supply their raw materials to industries which manufacture other goods. An example is the iron and steel industry which supplies steel to the automobile industry.

(v) The important raw materials used in the manufacturing of cement are: limestone, silica, alumina and gypsum. Apart from these, coal, electric power and rail transportation are also needed.

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Q3 :  

Write the answers of the following questions in 120 words.

(i) How are integrated steel plants different from mini steel plants? What problems does the industry face? What recent developments have led to a rise in the production capacity?

(ii) How do industries pollute the environment?

(iii) Discuss the steps to be taken to minimise environmental degradation by industry?


Answer :

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Contemporary India - Social Science : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 10th for Manufacturing Industries will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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