Answer the following questions in about 30 words.
(i) State any three merits of roadways.
(ii) Where and why is rail transport the most convenient means of
(iii) What is the significance of the border roads?
(iv) What is meant by trade? What is the difference between
international and local trade?
(i) Merits of roadways:
(a) They are cheaper than railways in terms of construction
(b) Roads can go through dissected and undulating land areas and
through steep mountains.
(c) They are economical as loading costs are low and door-to-door
service can be availed of.
(ii) In the northern plains, rail transport is the most
convenient mode of transportation. This is because this region
has vast level lands that are good for laying tracks, and
huge population and high agricultural productivity, making
rail transport a profitable venture.
(iii) Border roads are strategically important as they improve
accessibility to areas like the northern and north eastern border
areas which have a difficult terrain.
(iv) Trade is the movement of goods and services between regions
for economic gain. Trade between two or more countries is termed
as international trade, while trade occurring in a region within
the same country is called local trade.
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