NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics Unit 3

Democracy and Diversity Class 10

Unit 3 Democracy and Diversity Exercise Solutions

The presence of different socio-economic group, different religious groups, different linguistic groups, different cultural groups and different caste groups can be termed as diversity in society.

India is a perfect example of diverse nation. In India, people of almost all major religion of this world can be found. There are thousands of languages, variety of food habits, all hues of costumes and myriad variety of cultures and subcultures in India.
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Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 37

Q1 :  

Discuss three factors that determine the outcomes of politics of social divisions.


Answer :

Three factors which determine the outcomes of politics of social divisions:

The people's perception of their identities

When this is singular, the accommodation of other identities becomes difficult.

Representation of a community by political leaders

While representing a community, if politicians raise demands that are constitutional, then it is easier to accommodate those demands.

The government's reaction

If the reasonable demands of a community are suppressed by the government, then it leads to social divisions, which in turn threaten the integrity of the country.

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Q2 :  

When does a social difference become a social division?


Answer :

When different social differences overlap, one particular social difference gains in prominence. This leads to the creation of social division and tension. For example, in Northern Ireland, the social differences of class and religion overlap each other. The catholics are usually the ones who are poor, while the protestants are the ones who are well off. The religious differences are accentuated by this overlap. As a result, there are conflicts between the two religious groups.

In other words, a social difference becomes a social division when it coincides with other social differences, which in turn serve to heighten the said difference.

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Q3 :  

How do social divisions affect politics? Give two examples.


Answer :

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Q4 :  

________________ social differences create possibilities of deep social divisions and tensions. ________________ social differences do not usually lead to conflicts.


Answer :

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Q5 :  

In dealing with social divisions which one of the following statements is NOT correct about democracy?

(a) Due to political competition in a democracy, social divisions get reflected in politics.

(b) In a democracy it is possible for communities to voice their grievances in a peaceful manner.

(c) Democracy is the best way to accommodate social diversity.

(d) Democracy always leads to disintegration of society on the basis of social divisions.


Answer :

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Q6 :  

Consider the following three statements.

A. Social divisions take place when social differences overlap.

B. It is possible that a person can have multiple identities.

C. Social divisions exist in only big countries like India.

Which of the statements is/are correct?

(a) A, B and C

(b) A and B

(c) B and C

(d) Only C


Answer :

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Q7 :  

Arrange the following statements in a logical sequence and select the right answers by using the code given below.

A. But all political expression of social divisions need not be always dangerous.

B. Social divisions of one kind or the other exist in most countries.

C. Parties try to win political support by appealing to social divisions.

D. Some social differences may result in social divisions.

(a) D, B, C, A

(b) D, B, A, C

(c) D, A, C, B

(d) A, B, C, D


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Q8 :  

Among the following, which country suffered disintegration due to political fights on the basis of religious and ethnic identities?

(a) Belgium

(b) India

(c) Yugoslavia

(d) Netherlands


Answer :

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Q9 :  

Read the following passage from a famous speech by Martin Luther king Jr. in 1963. Which social division is he talking about? What are his aspirations and anxieties? Do you see a relationship between this speech and the incident in Mexico Olympics mentioned in this chapter?

"I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the colour of their skin but by the content of their character. Let freedom ring - when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God's children - back men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics - will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual: 'Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!' I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: 'we hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal'."


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<< Previous Chapter 2 : Federalism Next Chapter 4 : Gender, Religion and Caste >>

Democratic Politics - Social Science : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 10th for Democracy and Diversity will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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