NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics Unit 4

Gender, Religion and Caste Class 10

Unit 4 Gender, Religion and Caste Exercise Solutions

Gender and Politics : Sexual Division of Labour: A system in which all work inside the home is either done by the women of the family, or organised by them through the domestic helpers.

Feminist Movements: Various movements which are aimed at ensuring equal rights for women are called feminist movement.

Political expression of gender question helped a lot to improve women's role in public life. Although the Indian society is still a patriarchal society, yet women are now working in many fields.
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Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 55

Q1 :  

Mention different aspects of life in which women are discriminated or disadvantaged in India.


Answer :

In India, women are discriminated and disadvantaged n the following ways:

(a) They are not provided adequate education. Thus, the literacy rate among women is just 54%.

(b) Most of the labour done by them is unpaid. Where they are paid for their work, they receive lesser wages than men.

(c) Due to the preference for the boy child, female foeticide is practiced in many parts of the country.

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Q2 :  

State different forms of communal politics with one example each.


Answer :

Different forms of communal politics:

(a) The expression of communal superiority in everyday beliefs

Militant religious groups are a good example of this.

(b) The desire to form a majoritarian dominance or a separate state

Separatist leaders and political parties in Jammu and Kashmir and Central India are an example of this.

(c) The use of religious symbols and leaders in politics to appeal to the voters

This technique is applied by many politicians to influence voters from the two largest religious communities in the country.

(d) In addition to all this, communal politics can take the form of communal violence and riots, like the riots in Gujarat in 2002.

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Q3 :  

State how caste inequalities are still continuing in India.


Answer :

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Q4 :  

State two reasons to say that caste alone cannot determine election results in India.


Answer :

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Q5 :  

What is the status of women's representation in India's legislative bodies?


Answer :

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Q6 :  

Mention any two constitutional provisions that make India a secular state.


Answer :

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Q7 :  

When we speak of gender divisions, we usually refer to:

(a) Biological difference between men and women

(b) Unequal roles assigned by the society to men and women

(c) Unequal child sex ratio

(d) Absence of voting rights for women in democracies


Answer :

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Q8 :  

In India seats are reserved for women in

(a) Lok Sabha

(b) State Legislative Assemblies

(c) Cabinets

(d) Panchayati Raj bodies


Answer :

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Q9 :  

Consider the following statements on the meaning of communal politics. Communal politics is based on the belief that:

A. One religion is superior to that of others.

B. People belonging to different religions can live together happily as equal citizens.

C. Followers of a particular religion constitute one community.

D. State power cannot be used to establish the domination of one religious group over others.

Which of the statements is/are correct?

(a) A, B, C and D

(b) A, B and D

(c) A and C

(d) B and D


Answer :

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Q10 :  

Which among the following statements about India's Constitution is wrong? It

(a) prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion

(b) gives official status to one religion

(c) provides to all individuals freedom to profess any religion

(d) ensures equality of citizens within religious communities


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Q11 :  

Social divisions based on ______________ are peculiar to India.


Answer :

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Q12 :  

Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists:

 

List I

 

List II

1.

A person who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women and men

Δ˜.

Communalist

2.

A person who says that religion is the principal basis of community

Δ™.

Feminist

3.

A person who thinks that caste is the principal basis of community

C.

Secularist

4.

A person who does not discriminate others on the basis of religious beliefs

D.


Answer :

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<< Previous Chapter 3 : Democracy and Diversity Next Chapter 5 : Popular Struggles and Movements >>

Democratic Politics - Social Science : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 10th for Gender, Religion and Caste will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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