NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics Unit 7

Outcomes of Democracy Class 10

Unit 7 Outcomes of Democracy Exercise Solutions

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Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 99

Q1 :  

How does democracy produce an accountable, responsive and legitimate government?


Answer :

Democracy produces an accountable, responsive and legitimate government by giving the citizen the right to examine the process by which decisions are made. These decisions are made according to norms and procedures which make the decisions more acceptable to the people. Added to this is the basic fact that in a democracy, the people have a right to elect their own government, and the candidate which is elected is thought to be capable enough to fulfil the demands of the people.

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Q2 :  

What are the conditions under which democracies accommodate social diversities?


Answer :

Democracies accommodate social diversities when it is well understood that democracy is not just the rule of the majority, and that the rule of the majority is not just the rule of a single religious or social community.

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Q3 :  

Give arguments to support or oppose the following assertions:

  • Industrialised countries can afford democracy but the poor need dictatorship to become rich.

  • Democracy can't reduce inequality of incomes between different citizens.

  • Government in poor countries should spend less on poverty reduction, health, education and spend more on industries and infrastructure.

  • In democracy all citizens have one vote, which means that there is absence of any domination and conflict.


Answer :

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Q4 :  

Identify the challenges to democracy in the following descriptions. Also suggest policy/institutional mechanism to deepen democracy in the given situations:

  • Following a High Court directive a temple in Orissa that had separate entry doors for dalits and non-dalits allowed entry for all from the same door.

  • A large number of farmers are committing suicide in different states of India.

  • Following allegation of killing of three civilians in Gandwara in a fake encounter by Jammu and Kashmir police, an enquiry has been ordered.


Answer :

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Q5 :  

In the context of democracies, which of the following ideas is correct - democracies have successfully eliminated:

A. conflicts among people

B. economic inequalities among people

C. differences of opinion about how marginalised sections are to be treated

D. the idea of political inequality


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Q6 :  

In the context of assessing democracy which among the following is odd one out. Democracies need to ensure:

A. free and fair elections

B. dignity of the individual

C. majority rule

D. equal treatment before law


Answer :

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Q7 :  

Studies on political and social inequalities in democracy show that

A. democracy and development go together

B. inequalities exist in democracies

C. inequalities do not exist under dictatorship

D. dictatorship is better than democracy


Answer :

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Q8 :  

Read the passage below:

Nannu is a daily wage earner. He lives in Welcome Mazdoor Colony, a slum habitation in East Delhi. He lost his ration card and applied for a duplicate one in January 2004. He made several rounds to the local Food & Civil Supplies office for the next three months. But the clerks and officials would not even look at him, leave alone do his job or bother to tell him the status of his application. Ultimately, he filed an application under the Right to Information Act asking for the daily progress made on his application, names of the officials, who were supposed to act on his application and what action would be taken against these officials for their inaction. Within a week of filing application under the Right to Information Act, he was visited by an inspector from the Food Department, who informed him that the card had been made and he could collect it from the office. When Nannu went to collect his card next day, he was given a very warm treatment by the Food & Supply Officer (FSO), who is the head of a Circle. The FSO offered him tea and requested him to withdraw his application under the Right to Information, since his work had already been done.

What does Nannu's example show? What impact did Nannu's action have on officials? Ask your parents their experiences when they approach government officials to attend to their problems.


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Democratic Politics - Social Science : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 10th for Outcomes of Democracy will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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