NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science India and the Contemporary World Unit 2

The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China Class 10

Unit 2 The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China Exercise Solutions

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Write in briefdiscuss : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 52

Q1 :  

Write a note on:

(a) What was meant by the 'civilising mission' of the colonisers

(b) Huynh Phu So


Answer :

(a) The "civilising mission" of the colonisers was an imperial disguise for controlling colonies. European powers assumed that their civilisation was the most advanced, and that it was their humanitarian concern to spread it around the world, even if this was done by force. Europeans became the self-professed carriers of light to the colonies, rejecting the latter's inherent traditions, religions and cultures as outdated. Also, education was viewed as a "civilising" tool, but fearing retaliation, the colonisers—the French in Vietnam, the British in India, did not want to give full access to the colonised people to Western education. They were aware that Western education might instill democratic ideals and a desire for independence. Hence, the "civilising mission" was marred by double standards and sheer hypocrisy.

(b) Huynh Phu So was a revolutionary leader who started an anti-French movement known as the Hoa Hoa. He was declared the "Mad Bonze" and put in a mental asylum by the French. He performed miracles and helped the poor; condemning unnecessary expenses, gambling, intoxication and the sale of child brides. Interestingly, he was declared sane in 1941, but was exiled to Laos after the doctor treating him also became his follower.

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Q2 :  

With reference to what you have read in this chapter, discuss the influence of China on Vietnam's culture and life.


Answer :

The influence of China on Vietnam's culture and life was multifarious before the French colonised Vietnam. Even when the latter gained independence in 1945, the rulers maintained the use of Chinese governance systems and culture. The elites were vastly influenced by Chinese culture and life, as has been elucidated in Phan Boi Chau's book "The History of the Loss of Vietnam". Chinese language and Confucianism were followed by the upper classes in Vietnam. In 1911, when the Chinese Republic was set up, Vietnamese students followed suit in organising the Association for the Restoration of Vietnam. Vietnamese men also kept their hair long—a Chinese tradition.

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Q3 :  

Explain the following:

(a) Only one-third of the students in Vietnam would pass the school-leaving examinations.

(b) The French began building canals and draining lands in the Mekong delta.

(c) The government made the Saigon Native Girls School take back the students it had expelled.

(d) Rats were most common in the modern, newly built areas of Hanoi.


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Q4 :  

What was the role of religious groups in the development of anti-colonial feeling in Vietnam?


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Q5 :  

Describe the ideas behind the Tonkin Free School. To what extent was it a typical example of colonial ideas in Vietnam?


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Q6 :  

Explain the causes of the US involvement in the war in Vietnam. What effect did this involvement have on life within the US itself?


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Q7 :  

What was Phan Chu Trinh's objective for Vietnam? How were his ideas different from those of Phan Boi Chau?


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Q8 :  

Write an evaluation of the Vietnamese war against the US from the point of

(a) a porter on the Ho Chi Minh trail.

(b) a woman soldier.


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Q9 :  

What was the role of women in the anti-imperial struggle in Vietnam? Compare this with the role of women in the nationalist struggle in India.


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<< Previous Chapter 1 : The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Next Chapter 3 : Nationalism in India >>

India and the Contemporary World - Social Science : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 10th for The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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