NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science India and the Contemporary World Unit 3

Nationalism in India Class 10

Unit 3 Nationalism in India Exercise Solutions

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Write in briefdiscuss : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 74

Q1 :  

Explain:

(a) Why growth of nationalism in the colonies is linked to an anti-colonial movement.

(b) How the First World War helped in the growth of the National Movement in India.

(c) Why Indians were outraged by the Rowlatt Act.

(d) Why Gandhiji decided to withdraw the Non-Cooperation Movement.


Answer :

(a) Colonisation affected people's freedom, and nationalist sentiments surged during the process of struggle against imperial domination. The sense of oppression and exploitation became a common bond for people from different walks of life, and this resulted in the growth of nationalist ideals. Thus, growth of nationalism in the colonies is linked to anti-colonial movements.

(b) During the First World War, the British army conducted forced recruitment from rural areas in India. To finance the defence expenditure, high custom duties and income taxes were imposed. Also, during 1918-19 and 1920-21, crops failed in many parts of India, thereby resulting in acute food shortages. All this caused extensive anger and opposition against the British colonial rule, and the national movement of India headed towards a stronger, more definitive direction.

(c) The Rowlatt Act was passed hurriedly through the Imperial Legislative Council despite opposition from Indian members. It gave the government autocratic powers to repress political activities besides allowing it to detain political prisoners without a trial, for two years. The Indian were outraged by this act as it was clearly undemocratic and oppressive, and hurt national sentiments and dignity.

(d) Gandhiji decided to withdraw the Non-Cooperation Movement due to various incidents of violence perpetrated by the masses, especially the Chauri Chaura incident in 1922 where the people clashed with the police, setting a police-station on fire. Gandhiji felt that the people were not yet ready for a mass struggle, and that satyagrahis needed to be properly trained for non-violent demonstrations.

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Q2 :  

List all the different social groups which joined the Non-Cooperation Movement of 1921. Then choose any three and write about their hopes and struggles to show why they joined the movement.


Answer :

The different social groups that joined the Non-Cooperation Movement of 1921 were the urban middle class comprising lawyers, teachers and headmasters, students, peasants, tribals and workers. Peasants, tribals and workers joined the movement from the countryside. They did so with hopes of self-emancipation. Peasants rebelled against talukdars and landlords who demanded high rents and also forced them to do begar or free labour. Tribal peasants revolted against the enclosure of large forest tracts by the British government, which left them devoid of a livelihood as well as traditional rights. Plantation workers, on the other hand, desired freedom to move about and retain links with the villages they came from. All three believed that Gandhi Raj would come with the Non-Cooperation Movement, and this would mark an end to their sorrows. Hence, they joined the anti-colonial struggle.

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Q3 :  

What is meant by the idea of satyagraha?


Answer :

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Q4 :  

Discuss the Salt March to make clear why it was an effective symbol of resistance against colonialism.


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Q5 :  

Write a newspaper report on:

(a) The Jallianwala Bagh massacre

(b) The Simon Commission


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Q6 :  

Imagine you are a woman participating in the Civil Disobedience Movement. Explain what the experience meant to your life.


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Q7 :  

Compare the images of Bharat Mata in this chapter with the image of Germania in Chapter 1.


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Q8 :  

Why did political leaders differ sharply over the question of separate electorates?


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<< Previous Chapter 2 : The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China Next Chapter 4 : The Making of a Global World >>

India and the Contemporary World - Social Science : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 10th for Nationalism in India will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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