NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Understanding Economic Development Unit 2

Sectors of the Indian Economy Class 10

Unit 2 Sectors of the Indian Economy Exercise Solutions

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Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 35

Q1 :  

Fill in the blanks using the correct option given in the bracket:

(i) Employment in the service sector _________ increased to the same extent as production. (has / has not)

(ii) Workers in the _________ sector do not produce goods. (tertiary / agricultural)

(iii) Most of the workers in the _________ sector enjoy job security. (organised / unorganised)

(iv) A _________ proportion of labourers in India are working in the unorganised sector. (large / small)

(v) Cotton is a _________ product and cloth is a _________ product. (natural / manufactured)

(vi) The activities in primary, secondary and tertiary sectors are _________. (independent / interdependent)


Answer :

(i) Employment in the service sector has not increased to the same extent as production.

(ii) Workers in the tertiary sector do not produce goods.

(iii) Most of the workers in the organised sector enjoy job security.

(iv) A large proportion of labourers in India are working in the unorganised sector.

(v) Cotton is a natural product and cloth is a manufactured product.

(vi) The activities in primary, secondary and tertiary sectors are interdependent .

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Q2 :  

Choose the most appropriate answer.

(a) The sectors are classified into public and private sector on the basis of:

(i) employment conditions

(ii) the nature of economic activity

(iii) ownership of enterprises

(iv) number of workers employed in the enterprise

(b) Production of a commodity, mostly through the natural process, is an activity in ______________ sector.

(i) primary

(ii) secondary

(iii) tertiary

(iv) information technology

(c) GDP is the total value of _____________ produced during a particular year.

(i) all goods and services

(ii) all final goods and services

(iii) all intermediate goods and services

(iv) all intermediate and final goods and services

(d) In terms of GDP the share of tertiary sector in 2003 is _________

(i) between 20 per cent to 30 per cent

(ii) between 30 per cent to 40 per cent

(iii) between 50 per cent to 60 per cent

(iv) 70 per cent


Answer :

(a) (iii)

(b) (i)

(c) (ii)

(d) (iii)

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Q3 :  

Match the following:

 

Problems faced by farming sector

 

Some possible measures

1.

Unirrigated land

(a)

Setting up agro-based mills

2.

Low prices for crops

(b)

Cooperative marketing societies

3.

Debt burden

(c)

Procurement of food grains by government

4.

No job in the off season

(d)

Construction of canals by the government

5.

Compelled to sell their grains to the local traders soon after harvest

(e)

Banks to provide credit


Answer :

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Q4 :  

Find the odd one out and say why.

(i) Tourist guide, dhobi, tailor, potter

(ii) Teacher, doctor, vegetable vendor, lawyer

(iii) Postman, cobbler, soldier, police constable

(iv) MTNL, Indian Railways, Air India, SAHARA Airlines, All India Radio


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Q5 :  

A research scholar looked at the working people in the city of Surat and found the following.

Place of work

Nature of employment

Percentage of working people

In offices and factories registered with the government

Organised

15

Own shops, office, clinics in marketplaces with formal license

-

15

People working on the street, construction workers, domestic workers

-

20

Working in small workshops usually not registered with the government

-

-

Complete the table. What is the percentage of workers in the unorganised sector in this city?


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Q6 :  

Do you think the classification of economic activities into primary, secondary and tertiary is useful? Explain how.


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Q7 :  

For each of the sectors that we came across in this chapter why should one focus on employment and GDP? Could there be other issues which should be examined? Discuss.


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Q8 :  

Make a long list of all kinds of work that you find adults around you doing for a living. In what way can you classify them? Explain your choice.


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Q9 :  

How is the tertiary sector different from other sectors? Illustrate with a few examples.


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Q10 :  

What do you understand by disguised unemployment? Explain with an example each from the urban and rural areas.


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Q11 :  

Distinguish between open unemployment and disguised unemployment.


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Q12 :  

"Tertiary sector is not playing any significant role in the development of Indian economy." Do you agree? Give reasons in support of your answer.


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Q13 :  

Service sector in India employs two different kinds of people. Who are these?


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Q14 :  

Workers are exploited in the unorganised sector. Do you agree with this view? Give reasons in support of your answer.


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Q15 :  

How are the activities in the economy classified on the basis of employment conditions?


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Q16 :  

Compare the employment conditions prevailing in the organised and unorganised sectors.


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Q17 :  

Explain the objective of implementing the NREGA 2005.


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Q18 :  

Using examples from your area compare and contrast the activities and functions of private and public sectors.


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Q19 :  

Discuss and fill the following table giving one example each from your area.

 

Well-managed organisation

Badly-managed organisation

Public sector

   

Private sector

   


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Q20 :  

Give a few examples of public sector activities and explain why the government has taken them up.


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Q21 :  

Explain how public sector contributes to the economic development of a nation.


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Q22 :  

The workers in the unorganised sector need protection on the following issues: wages, safety and health. Explain with examples.


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Q23 :  

A study in Ahmedabad found that out of 15,00,000 workers in the city, 11,00,000 worked in the unorganised sector. The total income of the city in this year (1997-1998) was Rs 60,000 million. Out of this Rs 32,000 million was generated in the organised sector. Present this data as a table. What kind of ways should be thought of for generating more employment in the city?


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Q24 :  

The following table gives the GDP in Rupees (Crores) by the three sectors:

Year
primary secondary tertiary
1950 80,000 19,000 39,000
2000 3,14,000 2,80,000 5,55,000

(i) Calculate the share of the three sectors in GDP for 1950 and 2000.

(ii) Show the data as a bar diagram similar to Graph 2 in the chapter.

(iii) What conclusions can we draw from the bar graph?


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<< Previous Chapter 1 : Development Next Chapter 3 : Money and Credit >>

Understanding Economic Development - Social Science : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 10th for Sectors of the Indian Economy will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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