NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Accountancy Financial Accounting Part-2 Chapter 5

Applications of Computers in Accounting Class 11

Chapter 5 Applications of Computers in Accounting Exercise Solutions

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Short answers : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 490

Q1 :  

State the different elements of a computer system.


Answer :

A computer system is mainly composed of the following six elements.

1. Hardware- It includes all the physical components of a computer such as, keyboard, mouse, monitor, processor, etc. These can be touched and a user inputs commands through them.

2. Software- It is referred to a set of the programs that enables a computer to perform its tasks or commands given by the user. There are following six types of software.

  1. Operating System

  2. Utility Programs

  3. Application Software

  4. Language Processors

  5. System Software

  6. Connectivity Software

3. People- It constitutes the most important part of a computer system. It basically refers to the individuals or the users who interact with the computer through the use of hardware and software. The following are the people who are involved in a computer system.

  1. System Analysts

  2. Operators

  3. Programmers

4. Procedures- A series of operations that are executed in a certain manner in order to achieve a desired set of results is known as 'Procedures'. There are mainly following three types of procedures.

  1. Hardware-oriented Procedures

  2. Software-oriented Procedures

  3. Internal Procedures

5. Data- The facts that are gathered and entered into a computer system is known as 'Data'. It may comprise of numbers, text, graphics, etc.

6. Connectivity- This refers to the manner, in which a computer system is connected to the other electronic devices through telephone lines, microwave transmission, satellite link, etc., is known as 'Connectivity'.

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Q2 :  

List the distinctive advantages of a computer system over a manual system.


Answer :

The following are some of the distinctive advantages of a computer system over a manual system.

  1. High speed

  2. Accuracy

  3. Reliability

  4. Versatility

  5. Storage

 

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Q3 :  

Draw block diagram showing the main components of a computer. 


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Q4 :  

Give three examples of a Transaction Processing System.


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Q5 :  

State the relationship between Information and Decision. 


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Q6 :  

What is Accounting Information System?


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Q7 :  

State the various essential features of an accounting report.


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Q8 :  

Name three components of a Transaction Processing System.


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Q9 :  

Give example of the relationship between a Human Resource Information System and MIS.


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<< Previous Chapter 4 : Accounting for Not-for-Profit Organisation Next Chapter 6 : Computerised Accounting System >>

Long answers : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 490

Q1 :  

'An organisation is a collection of interdependent decision-making units that exists to pursue organisational objectives. In the light of this statement, explain the relationship between information and decisions. Also explain the role of Transaction Processing System in facilitating the decision-making process in business organisations.


Answer :

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Q2 :  

Explain, using examples, the relationship between the organisational MIS and the other functional information system in an organisation. Describe how AIS receives and provides information to other functional MIS.


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Q3 :  

'An accounting report is essential report which must be able to fulfil certain basic criteria'. Explain? List the various types of accounting reports.


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Q4 :  

Describe the various elements of a computer system and explain the distinctive features of a computer system and manual system.


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<< Previous Chapter 4 : Accounting for Not-for-Profit Organisation Next Chapter 6 : Computerised Accounting System >>

Financial Accounting Part-2 - Accountancy : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 11th for Applications of Computers in Accounting will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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