NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chemistry Part-1 Chapter 5

States of Matter Class 11

Chapter 5 States of Matter Exercise Solutions

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Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 152

Q1 :  

What will be the minimum pressure required to compress 500 dm3 of air at 1 bar to 200 dm3 at 30°C?


Answer :

Given,

Initial pressure, p1 = 1 bar

Initial volume, V1 = 500 dm3

Final volume, V2 = 200 dm3

Since the temperature remains constant, the final pressure (p2) can be calculated using Boyle's law.

According to Boyle's law,

Therefore, the minimum pressure required is 2.5 bar.

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Q2 :  

A vessel of 120 mL capacity contains a certain amount of gas at 35 °C and 1.2 bar pressure. The gas is transferred to another vessel of volume 180 mL at 35 °C. What would be its pressure?


Answer :

Given,

Initial pressure, p1 = 1.2 bar

Initial volume, V1 = 120 mL

Final volume, V2 = 180 mL

Since the temperature remains constant, the final pressure (p2) can be calculated using Boyle's law.

According to Boyle's law,

Therefore, the pressure would be 0.8 bar.

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Q3 :  

Using the equation of state pV = nRT; show that at a given temperature density of a gas is proportional to gas pressurep.


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Q4 :  

At 0°C, the density of a certain oxide of a gas at 2 bar is same as that of dinitrogen at 5 bar. What is the molecular mass of the oxide?


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Q5 :  

Pressure of 1 g of an ideal gas A at 27 °C is found to be 2 bar. When 2 g of another ideal gas B is introduced in the same flask at same temperature the pressure becomes 3 bar. Find a relationship between their molecular masses.


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Q6 :  

The drain cleaner, Drainex contains small bits of aluminum which react with caustic soda to produce dihydrogen. What volume of dihydrogen at 20 °C and one bar will be released when 0.15g of aluminum reacts?


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Q7 :  

What will be the pressure exerted by a mixture of 3.2 g of methane and 4.4 g of carbon dioxide contained in a 9 dm3 flask at 27 °C ?


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Q8 :  

What will be the pressure of the gaseous mixture when 0.5 L of H2 at 0.8 bar and 2.0 L of dioxygen at 0.7 bar are introduced in a 1L vessel at 27°C?


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Q9 :  

Density of a gas is found to be 5.46 g/dm3 at 27 °C at 2 bar pressure. What will be its density at STP?


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Q10 :  

34.05 mL of phosphorus vapour weighs 0.0625 g at 546 °C and 0.1 bar pressure. What is the molar mass of phosphorus?


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Q11 :  

A student forgot to add the reaction mixture to the round bottomed flask at 27 °C but instead he/she placed the flask on the flame. After a lapse of time, he realized his mistake, and using a pyrometer he found the temperature of the flask was 477 °C. What fraction of air would have been expelled out?


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Q12 :  

Calculate the temperature of 4.0 mol of a gas occupying 5 dm3 at 3.32 bar.

(R = 0.083 bar dm3 K-1 mol-1).


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Q13 :  

Calculate the total number of electrons present in 1.4 g of dinitrogen gas.


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Q14 :  

How much time would it take to distribute one Avogadro number of wheat grains, if 1010 grains are distributed each second?


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Q15 :  

Calculate the total pressure in a mixture of 8 g of dioxygen and 4 g of dihydrogen confined in a vessel of 1 dm3 at 27°C. R = 0.083 bar dm3 K-1 mol-1.


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Q16 :  

Pay load is defined as the difference between the mass of displaced air and the mass of the balloon. Calculate the pay load when a balloon of radius 10 m, mass 100 kg is filled with helium at 1.66 bar at 27°C. (Density of air = 1.2 kg m-3 and R = 0.083 bar dm3 K-1 mol-1).


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Q17 :  

Calculate the volume occupied by 8.8 g of CO2 at 31.1°C and 1 bar pressure.

R = 0.083 bar L K-1 mol-1.


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Q18 :  

2.9 g of a gas at 95 °C occupied the same volume as 0.184 g of dihydrogen at 17 °C, at the same pressure. What is the molar mass of the gas?


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Q19 :  

A mixture of dihydrogen and dioxygen at one bar pressure contains 20% by weight of dihydrogen. Calculate the partial pressure of dihydrogen.


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Q20 :  

What would be the SI unit for the quantity pV2T 2/n?


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Q21 :  

In terms of Charles' law explain why -273°C is the lowest possible temperature.


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Q22 :  

Critical temperature for carbon dioxide and methane are 31.1 °C and -81.9 °C respectively. Which of these has stronger intermolecular forces and why?


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Q23 :  

Explain the physical significance of Van der Waals parameters.


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<< Previous Chapter 4 : Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure Next Chapter 6 : Thermodynamics >>

Chemistry Part-1 - Chemistry : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 11th for States of Matter will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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