NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Economics Indian Economic Development Chapter 10

Unit IV- Comparative Development Experiences of India and it... Class 11

Chapter 10 Unit IV- Comparative Development Experiences of India and it... Exercise Solutions

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Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 195

Q1 :  

Why are regional and economic groupings formed?


Answer :

With the objective of understanding various means and strategies to strengthen the economies, different nations of the world are motivated to form regional and global economic groups like SAARC, European Union, ASEAN, etc. The formation of such regional and economic groups helps the member countries to know the development strategies and measures adopted by other member countries. This enables them to analyse their strength and weakness and, thereby, formulate policies to accelerate social progress and cultural development among its member countries. Secondly, another important purpose behind setting up of these groups is maintenance of peace and stability of the member countries. In addition to this, these groups provide a common platform to raise their voice in a unified manner on common issues to safeguard their common interests.

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Q2 :  

What are the various means by which countries are trying to strengthen their own domestic economies?


Answer :

The following are the various means through which the nations are trying to strengthen their own domestic economies:

  1. Nations are forming various regional and economic groupings like SAARC, European Union, G-8, G-20, ASEAN etc. in order to strengthen their economies. These groups provide a common platform to the member countries to raise their voice in a unified manner on common issues to safeguard their common interests.

  2. Further, they are also interested in knowing the developmental process adopted by their neighbouring nations, so as to analyse their strengths and weaknesses. Accordingly, they formulate policies to accelerate social progress and cultural development among the member countries.

  3. Moreover, nations also resort to liberalising their economies. This minimises the government interference in economic activities. The economy is governed by market forces, i.e. demand and supply forces.

  4. Nations also resort to the process of globalisation to open up their economies to provide wide international market to their domestic producers.

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Q3 :  

What similar developmental strategies have India and Pakistan followed for their respective developmental paths?


Answer :

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Q4 :  

Explain the Great Leap Forward campaign of China as initiated in 1958.


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Q5 :  

China's rapid industrial growth can be traced back to its reforms in 1978. Do you agree? Elucidate.


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Q6 :  

Describe the path of developmental initiatives taken by Pakistan for its economic development.


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Q7 :  

What is the important implication of the one child norm in China?


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Q8 :  

Mention the salient demographic indicators of China, Pakistan and India.


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Q9 :  

Compare and contrast India and China's sectoral contribution towards GDP in 2003. What does it indicate?


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Q10 :  

Mention the various indicators of human development.


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Q11 :  

Define liberty indicator. Give some examples of liberty indicators.


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Q12 :  

Evaluate the various factors that led to the rapid growth in economic development in China.


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Q13 :  

Group the following features pertaining to the economies of India, China and Pakistan under three heads

  • One-child norm
  • Low fertility rate
  • High degree of urbanisation
  • Mixed economy
  • Very high fertility rate
  • Large population
  • High density of population
  • Growth due to manufacturing sector
  • Growth due to service sector


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Q14 :  

Give reasons for the slow growth and re-emergence of poverty in Pakistan.


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Q15 :  

Compare and contrast the development of India, China and Pakistan with respect to some salient human development indicators.


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Q16 :  

Comment on the growth rate trends witnessed in China and India in the last two decades.


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Q17 :  

(a) First Five Year Plan of ________________ commenced in the year 1956. (Pakistan/China)

(b) Maternal mortality rate is high in _____________. (China/Pakistan)

(c) Proportion of people below poverty line is more in __________.(India/Pakistan)

(d) Reforms in ______________ were introduced in 1978. (China/Pakistan)


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<< Previous Chapter 9 : Unit III- Environment and Sustainable Development Next Chapter 1 : Introduction >>

Indian Economic Development - Economics : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 11th for Unit IV- Comparative Development Experiences of India and it... will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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