NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Economics Indian Economic Development Chapter 4

Unit III- Poverty Class 11

Chapter 4 Unit III- Poverty Exercise Solutions

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Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 79

Q1 :  

Why is calorie-based norm not adequate to identify the poor?


Answer :

The calorie-based norm is not adequate to identify the poor because of the following reasons:

a) This mechanism does not differentiate a very poor from other poor. It categorises them into one category that is, 'poor'. Consequently, it indicates whole class of poor and not, especially, those poor who are the most needy.

b) This mechanism uses inappropriate proxies for income like Monthly Per Capita Expenditure (MPCE), etc. These items do not act as suitable and appropriate proxies for income to measure calorie requirements.

c) This mechanism does not consider various important factors that are associated with poverty. These factors are health care, clean drinking water, proper sanitation and basic education. Mere estimation of calorie intake does not reflect the true economic condition of an individual.

d) Another shortcoming of calorie-based norm is that it fails to account for social factors that exaggerate and worsen poverty like ill health, lack of access to resources, lack of civil and political freedom, etc.

Therefore, because of these shortcomings in the calorie-based norm, it cannot be used to identify the poor. 

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Q2 :  

What is meant by 'Food for Work' programme?


Answer :

Food for Work (FFW) programme was started in 2000-01 with the objective of generating ample employment opportunities for unskilled labourers concentrated in the drought-affected states of Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, M.P, Orissa, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Uttaranchal. This programme provides food in exchange of work done by labourers. This programme was aimed to protect poor people against reduction in their purchasing power capacity in the natural calamities prone areas. The work done by the labourers includes watershed development works, water harvesting and construction of metal roads connecting rural and urban areas. This programme not only provides labourers with food but also creates semi-durable assets that facilitate economic and social development of the backward areas.

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Q3 :  

Why are employment generation programmes important in poverty alleviation in India? 


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Q4 :  

How can creation of income earning assets address the problem of poverty?


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Q5 :  

The three dimensional attack on poverty adopted by the government has not succeeded in poverty alleviation in India. Comment.


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Q6 :  

What programmes has the government adopted to help the elderly people and poor and destitute women?


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Q7 :  

Is there any relationship between unemployment and poverty? Explain.


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Q8 :  

Suppose you are from a poor family and you wish to get help from the government to set up a petty shop. Under which scheme will you apply for assistance and why?


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Q9 :  

Illustrate the difference between rural and urban poverty. Is it correct to say that poverty has shifted from rural to urban areas? Use the trends in poverty ratio to support your answer.


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Q10 :  

Suppose you are a resident of a village, suggest a few measures to tackle the problem of poverty.


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<< Previous Chapter 3 : Unit II- Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation: An... Next Chapter 5 : Unit III- Human Capital Formation In India >>

Indian Economic Development - Economics : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 11th for Unit III- Poverty will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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