What do you mean by rural development? Bring out the key issues
in rural development.
Rural areas support the bulk of
population. Simultaneously, these areas are the breeding ground
of poverty, hunger and starvation. So, to accelerate the process
of growth and development of a country, rural development must be
accorded priority. Rural development refers to the actions and
initiatives taken for the social and economic development of the
rural or backward areas. The key issues in rural development are
1. Human Capital Formation- Rural areas
lack quality human capital. Therefore, rural development
programmes should aim at development of human resources by
investing in education, technical skills development through
on-the-job training, health care, etc.
2. Development of Productive Resources-
Productive resources help in generating employment opportunities.
In rural areas, the main occupation is agriculture that usually
suffers from low productivity, lack of infrastructure and
disguised unemployment. Thus, rural development must aim at
development of alternative sources of occupation. Development of
productive resources reduces excess burden on the agricultural
sector, thereby, increasing productivity and income of the rural
3. Development of Rural Infrastructure-
Infrastructure development is a very crucial issue at the micro
level. It provides a support system to all the production
activities in the economy, the absence of which makes economic
growth and social development impossible. Development of rural
infrastructure includes development of bank, credit societies,
electricity, means of transport, means of irrigation, development
of markets, facilities for agricultural research, etc.
4. Land reforms- Land reforms along
with technical reforms must be initiated in the rural areas.
These enable the use of modern techniques and methods, thereby,
increasing the productivity and aggregate volume of farm output.
In addition, land reforms lead to efficient and optimum use of
land, enabling large scale production.
5. Lessening Poverty- Poverty is one of
the main causes of rural underdevelopment. Poverty is not a
problem in itself; in fact, it gives rise to many other
interrelated problems like unemployment, inferior human capital,
underdevelopment and backwardness, inequalities, etc. An
important step that should be taken in order to tackle t poverty
is to develop income-earning assets. Such assets would generate
income, raise living standards and make rural people
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