NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Economics Indian Economic Development Chapter 6

Unit III- Rural Development Class 11

Chapter 6 Unit III- Rural Development Exercise Solutions

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Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 113

Q1 :  

What do you mean by rural development? Bring out the key issues in rural development.


Answer :

Rural areas support the bulk of India's population. Simultaneously, these areas are the breeding ground of poverty, hunger and starvation. So, to accelerate the process of growth and development of a country, rural development must be accorded priority. Rural development refers to the actions and initiatives taken for the social and economic development of the rural or backward areas. The key issues in rural development are as follows:

1. Human Capital Formation- Rural areas lack quality human capital. Therefore, rural development programmes should aim at development of human resources by investing in education, technical skills development through on-the-job training, health care, etc.

2. Development of Productive Resources- Productive resources help in generating employment opportunities. In rural areas, the main occupation is agriculture that usually suffers from low productivity, lack of infrastructure and disguised unemployment. Thus, rural development must aim at development of alternative sources of occupation. Development of productive resources reduces excess burden on the agricultural sector, thereby, increasing productivity and income of the rural people.

3. Development of Rural Infrastructure- Infrastructure development is a very crucial issue at the micro level. It provides a support system to all the production activities in the economy, the absence of which makes economic growth and social development impossible. Development of rural infrastructure includes development of bank, credit societies, electricity, means of transport, means of irrigation, development of markets, facilities for agricultural research, etc.

4. Land reforms- Land reforms along with technical reforms must be initiated in the rural areas. These enable the use of modern techniques and methods, thereby, increasing the productivity and aggregate volume of farm output. In addition, land reforms lead to efficient and optimum use of land, enabling large scale production.

5. Lessening Poverty- Poverty is one of the main causes of rural underdevelopment. Poverty is not a problem in itself; in fact, it gives rise to many other interrelated problems like unemployment, inferior human capital, underdevelopment and backwardness, inequalities, etc. An important step that should be taken in order to tackle t poverty is to develop income-earning assets. Such assets would generate income, raise living standards and make rural people self-sufficient.

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Q2 :  

Discuss the importance of credit in rural development.


Answer :

Finance and credit are the two essential requirements for rural development. The rural areas often suffer from low income leading to low rate of savings. Farmers find it very difficult to increase their productivity by investing on their farm lands. Further, the limited number of banks that are available in the rural areas prefer to forward credit to the farmers with large land-holdings. Getting credit from banks being difficult, the small and marginal farmers fall easy prey to the money lenders. The infusion of credit is very essential for the growth of agricultural sector, leading to rural economic development. The importance of credit in rural development is highlighted in the following points:

1. Credit helps the farmers to commercialise their farming. In other words, commercial farming requires funds that are provided via credit. As the small and the marginal farmers produce only for their subsistence, they fail to generate sufficient surplus to reinvest on their lands leading to degradation of the land.

2. Secondly, given the long gestation period between sowing and harvesting of the crops, credit is extended to the farmers for meeting their initial requirements of farm inputs like seeds, fertilisers, etc.

3. Credit saves the farmers from the vicious circle of poverty. The farmers require funds for meeting their general and specific needs. These needs are to be fulfilled via credit.

4. Lastly, agriculture has always been dependent at the vagaries of climate. In the absence of good monsoon or crop failure, farmers are worst hurt. Thus, in order to save them from such tragedy, crop insurance and farm credit plays a vital role.

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Q3 :  

Explain the role of micro-credit in meeting credit requirements of the poor.


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Q4 :  

Explain the steps taken by the government in developing rural markets.


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Q5 :  

Why is agricultural diversification essential for sustainable livelihoods?


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Q6 :  

Critically evaluate the role of the rural banking system in the process of rural development in India.


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Q7 :  

What do you mean by agricultural marketing?


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Q8 :  

Mention some obstacles that hinder the mechanism of agricultural marketing.


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Q9 :  

What are the alternative channels available for agricultural marketing? Give some examples.


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Q10 :  

Distinguish between 'Green Revolution' and 'Golden Revolution'


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Q11 :  

Explain four measures taken by the government to improve agricultural marketing.


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Q12 :  

Explain the role of non-farm employment in promoting rural diversification.


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Q13 :  

Bring out the importance of animal husbandry, fisheries and horticulture as a source of diversification.


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Q14 :  

'Information technology plays a very significant role in achieving sustainable development and food security' — comment.


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Q15 :  

What is organic farming and how does it promote sustainable development?


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Q16 :  

Identify the benefits and limitations of organic farming.


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Q17 :  

Enlist some problems faced by farmers during the initial years of organic farming.


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<< Previous Chapter 5 : Unit III- Human Capital Formation In India Next Chapter 7 : Unit III- Employment: Growth, Informalisation and Other Issu... >>

Indian Economic Development - Economics : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 11th for Unit III- Rural Development will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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