# NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Economics Statistics for Economics Chapter 1

## Introduction Class 11

### Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 8

Q1 :

Mark the following statements as true or false.

(i) Statistics can only deal with quantitative data.

(ii) Statistics solves economic problems.

(iii) Statistics is of no use to Economics without data.

(i) Statistics can only deal with quantitative data. False

Statistics deals with both quantitative data as well as with qualitative data. Statistics not only reveals quantitative information but also reflects the qualitative aspect of data like better, worse off, highly skilled, etc. Although, the qualitative aspects can neither be easily measured nor can be expressed in quantitative terms, but statistics describes the attributes of these variables.

(ii) Statistics solves economic problem. True

Statistics acts as a tool in the hands of economists that enables them to understand and evaluate an economic problem. The causes of a problem are identified through statistical tools and methods and policies and rectification measures are formulated accordingly.

(iii) Statistics is of no use to economics without data. True

Data enable economists to present economic facts in a precise and concise form. Data itself is self explanatory. For example, if the per capita monthly income in India has increased from Rs 300 to Rs 600 during 1974 to 1984, then just by looking at the figures an economist would not only understand the quantitative increase in the per capita income but also can assess the implicit qualitative aspects associated with this increase like higher standard of living, low level of poverty, higher level of savings, etc.

Q2 :

Make a list of activities that constitute the ordinary business of life. Are these economic activities?

The following are the activities that constitute the ordinary business of life:

1. Buying of goods and services.

2. Rendering services to a company by employees and workers.

3. Selling of goods and services.

4. Production process carried out by a firm.

Yes, the above mentioned activities are regarded as economic activities. This is because, these activities involve the use of scarce resources to carry out production, consumption, saving, investment, etc. These activities involve the exchange of money to earn livelihood.

Q3 :

'The Government and policy makers use statistical data to formulate suitable policies of economic development'. Illustrate with two examples.

Q4 :

"You have unlimited wants and limited resources to satisfy them." Explain by giving two examples.

Q5 :

How will you choose the wants to be satisfied?

Q6 :

What are your reasons for studying Economics?