1. There are two voices in the poem. Who do they
belong to? Which lines indicate this?
2. What does the phrase
3. There is a parallel drawn between rain
and music. Which words indicate this? Explain the similarity
between the two.
4. How is the cyclic movement of rain brought
out in the poem? Compare it with what you have learnt in science.
5. Why are the last two lines put within
6. List the pair of opposites found in the poem.
1. The poem begins in a conversational tone. The
two voices in the poem are the voice of the poet and the voice of
The lines that indicate the voice of the poet and the rain are,
“And who art thou?
Said I to the soft-falling
shower,” and the lines
that indicate the voice of the rain are,
“I am the Poem of
Earth, said the voice of the
2. The phrase
tell” means that it is
quite strange for the poet to believe and express in words that
the soft-falling rain replied to his question. At the beginning
of the poem, the poet inquires the rain about its identity, to
which the rain replies that it is the
3. The lines,
“I am the Poem of
Earth”, said by the voice
of the rain, reflects a connection between rain and poetry. This
connection becomes more conspicuous in the final two lines,
“(For song, issuing
from its birth-place, after fulfillment, wandering
duly with love returns)”.
In these lines, the poet draws similarities between rain and
music observing that the life-cycle of rain and song are alike.
The song issues from the heart of the poet and travels to reach
others. It wanders and, whether heard and enjoyed or not,
eventually returns to its creator with all due love. Similarly,
rain originates from the earth, and after fulfilling its role of
spreading beauty and purity, returns to its origin. Both are
perpetual in nature. Moreover, the sound of the soft-falling rain
is in itself a kind of music.
4. In the poem, the water rises from the
'land and the
sea' to reach
the sky. There, it transforms itself into vague formation of
clouds, different in their structure than the water from which
they originate. After wandering, these clouds descend to the
earth in the form of rain to provide relief to the drought-ridden
areas and infuse life into the unborn and latent seeds. The rain
renders the earth with beauty and purity.
In science, we learn the cyclical process of rain in terms like
evaporation, condensation, precipitation, flowing rivers, ground
water and ocean water etc, while in the poem the same process
becomes interesting and unusual. The rain speaks itself to
describe its course. The poem puts forward how rain never loses
its core essence even after changing into various forms.
5. The last two lines of the poem have been put
within brackets as they do not form the part of the conversation
between the poet and the rain.
The lines in the bracket indicate the reflections, observations
and thoughts of the poet. He makes observations about the
life-course of a song and draws similarities between the
life-cycle of a song and rain.
6. (a) Day, night
(c) Rise, descend
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