NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Political Science Indian Constitution at Work Chapter 1

Constitution: Why and How? Class 11

Chapter 1 Constitution: Why and How? Exercise Solutions

Next Chapter 2 : Rights in the Indian Constitution >>

Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 23

Q1 :  

Which of these is not a function of the constitution?

a. It gives a guarantee of the rights of the citizen.

b. It marks out different spheres of power for different branches of government.

c. It ensures that good people come to power.

d. It gives expression to some shared values.


Answer :

c. It ensures that good people come to power. The Constitution is responsible for the framework of distribution of power and not for the personal integrity of the people who occupy the positions of power.

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Q2 :  

Which of the following is a good reason to conclude that the authority of the constitution is higher than that of the parliament?

a. The constitution was framed before the parliament came into being.

b. The constitution makers were more eminent leaders than the members of the parliament.

c. The constitution specifies how parliament is to be formed and what are its powers.

d. The constitution cannot be amended by the parliament.


Answer :

c. The constitution specifies how parliament is to be formed and what are its powers. Thus, it is the source of authority for the parliament.

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Q3 :  

State whether the following statements about a constitution are True or False.

a. Constitutions are written documents about formation and power of the government.

b. Constitutions exist and are required only in democratic countries.

c. Constitution is a legal document that does not deal with ideals and values.

d. A constitution gives its citizens a new identity.


Answer :

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Q4 :  

State whether the following inferences about the making of the Indian Constitution are Correct or Incorrect. Give reasons to support your answer.

a. The Constituent Assembly did not represent the Indian people since it was not elected by all citizens.

b. Constitution making did not involve any major decision since there was a general consensus among the leaders at that time about its basic framework.

c. There was little originality in the Constitution, for much of it was borrowed from other countries.


Answer :

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Q5 :  

Give two examples each to support the following conclusions about the Indian Constitution:

a. The Constitution was made by credible leaders who commanded peoples' respect.

b. The Constitution has distributed power in such a way as to make it difficult to subvert it.

c. The Constitution is the locus of people's hopes and aspirations.


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Q6 :  

Why is it necessary for a country to have a clear demarcation of powers and responsibilities in the constitution? What would happen in the absence of such a demarcation?


Answer :

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Q7 :  

Why is it necessary for a constitution to place limitations on the rulers? Can there be a constitution that gives no power at all to the citizens?


Answer :

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Q8 :  

The Japanese Constitution was made when the US occupation army was still in control of Japan after its defeat in the Second World War. The Japanese constitution could not have had any provision that the US government did not like. Do you see any problem in this way of making the constitution? In which way was the Indian experience different from this?


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Q9 :  

Rajat asked his teacher this question: “The constitution is a fifty year old and therefore outdated book. No one took my consent for implementing it. It is written in such tough language that I cannot understand it. Tell me why should I obey this document?” If you were the teacher, how would you answer Rajat?


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Q10 :  

In a discussion on the experience of the working of our Constitution, three speakers took three different positions:

a. Harbans: The Indian Constitution has succeeded in giving us a framework of democratic government.

b.Neha: The Constitution made solemn promises of ensuring liberty, equality and fraternity. Since this has not happened, the Constitution has failed.

c. Nazima: The Constitution has not failed us. We have failed the Constitution.

Do you agree with any of these positions? If yes, why? If not, what is your own position?


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Next Chapter 2 : Rights in the Indian Constitution >>

Indian Constitution at Work - Political Science : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 11th for Constitution: Why and How? will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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