NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Political Science Indian Constitution at Work Chapter 10

The Philosophy of Constitution Class 11

Chapter 10 The Philosophy of Constitution Exercise Solutions

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Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 239

Q1 :  

The following are certain laws. Are they connected with any value?

If yes, then what is the underlying value? Give reasons.

a. Both daughters and sons will have share in the family property.

b. There will be different slabs of sales tax on different consumer items.

c. Religious instructions will not be given in any government school.

d. There shall be no begar or forced labour.


Answer :

a. Idea of equality and social justice. It treats both children equally by giving inheritance to them irrespective of their gender.

b. Economic justice as it reflects the importance of certain consumer items for people and seeks to discourage the consumption of other items deemed as non-essential.

c. Secularism as it shows that the government does not give importance to any religion in particular.

d. Idea of social justice as it strives to end forced labour and protect workers from exploitation.

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Q2 :  

Which of the options given below cannot be used to complete the following statement?

Democratic countries need a constitution to

i. Check the power of the government.

ii. Protect minorities from majority.

iii. Bring independence from colonial rule.

iv. Ensure that a long-term vision is not lost by momentary passions.

v. Bring social change in peaceful manner.


Answer :

iii. Bring independence from colonial rule.

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Q3 :  

The following are different positions about reading and understanding Constituent Assembly debates.

i. Which of these statements argues that Constituent Assembly debates are relevant even today? Which statement says that they are not relevant?

ii. With which of these positions do you agree and why?

a. Common people are too busy in earning livelihood and meeting different pressures of life. They can't understand the legal language of these debates.

b. The conditions and challenges today are different from the time when the Constitution was made. To read the ideas of Constitution makers and use them for our new times is trying to bring past in the present.

c. Our ways of understanding the world and the present challenges have not changed totally. Constituent Assembly debates can provide us reasons why certain practises are important. In a period when constitutional practises are being challenged, not knowing the reasons can destroy them.


Answer :

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Q4 :  

Explain the difference between the Indian Constitution and western ideas in the light of

a. Understanding of secularism

b. Articles 370 and 371

c. Affirmative action

d. Universal adult franchise


Answer :

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Q5 :  

Which of the following principles of secularism are adopted in the Constitution of India?

a. that state will have nothing to do with religion

b. that state will have close relation with religion

c. that state can discriminate among religions

d. that state will recognise rights of religious groups

e. that state will have limited powers to intervene in affairs of religions


Answer :

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Q6 :  

Match the following.

a.

Freedom to criticise treatment of widows

i.

Substantive achievement

b.

Taking decisions in the constituent assembly on the basis of reason, not self interest

ii.

Procedural achievement

c.

Accepting importance of community in an individual's life

iii.

Neglect of gender justice

d.

Article 370 and 371

iv.

Liberal individualism

e.

Unequal rights to women regarding family property and children

v.

Attention to requirements of a particular region


Answer :

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Q7 :  

This discussion was taking place in a class. Read the various arguments and state which of these do you agree with and why.

Jayesh: I still think that our Constitution is only a borrowed document.

Saba: Do you mean to say that there is nothing Indian in it? But is there such a thing as Indian and western in the case of values and ideas? Take equality between men and women. What is western about it? And even if it is, should we reject it only because it is western?

Jayesh: What I mean is that after fighting for independence from the British, did we not adopt their system of parliamentary government?

Neha: You forget that when we fought the British, we were not against the British as such, we were against the principle of colonialism. That has nothing to do with adopting a system of government that we wanted, wherever it came from.


Answer :

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Q8 :  

Why is it said that the making of the Indian Constitution was unrepresentative? Does that make the Constitution unrepresentative? Give reasons for your answer.


Answer :

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Q9 :  

One of the limitations of the Constitution of India is that it does not adequately attend to gender justice. What evidence can you give to substantiate this charge? If you were writing the Constitution today, what provisions would you recommend for remedying this limitation?


Answer :

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Q10 :  

Do you agree with the statement that “it is not clear why in a poor developing country, certain basic socio-economic rights were relegated to the section on Directive Principles rather than made an integral feature of our fundamental rights”? Give reasons for your answer. What do you think are the possible reasons for putting socio-economic rights in the section of Directive Principles?


Answer :

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<< Previous Chapter 9 : Constitution as a Living Document Next Chapter 1 : Political Theory: An Introduction >>

Indian Constitution at Work - Political Science : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 11th for The Philosophy of Constitution will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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