NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Political Science Indian Constitution at Work Chapter 7

Federalism Class 11

Chapter 7 Federalism Exercise Solutions

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Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 172

Q1 :  

From the list of following events which ones would you identify with the functioning of federalism? Why?

∠Å¡ The Centre on Tuesday announced Sixth Schedule status to GNLF-led Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council, which would ensure greater autonomy to the governing body in the Hill district of West Bengal. A tripartite Memorandum of Settlement was signed in New Delhi between the Centre, West Bengal government and the Subhas Ghising-led Gorkha National Liberation Front (GNLF) after two days of hectic deliberations.

∠Å¡ Government for action plan for rain-hit States: Centre has asked the rain-ravaged States to submit detailed plans for reconstruction to enable it to respond to their demands for extra relief expeditiously.

∠Å¡ New Commissioner for Delhi: The Capital is getting a new municipal commissioner. Confirming this, present MCD Commissioner Rakesh Mehta said he has received his transfer orders and that he is likely to be replaced by IAS officer Ashok Kumar, who is serving as the Chief Secretary in Arunachal Pradesh. Mehta, a 1975 batch IAS officer, has been heading the MCD for about three-and-a-half years.

∠Å¡ CU Status for Manipur University: Rajya Sabha on Wednesday passed a Bill to convert the Manipur University into a Central University with the Human Resource Development Minister promising such institutions in the North Eastern States of Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura and Sikkim as well.

∠Å¡ Funds released: The Centre has released Rs. 553 lakh to Arunachal Pradesh under its rural water supply scheme. The first instalment was of Rs. 466.81 lakh.

∠Å¡ We'll teach the Biharis how to live in Mumbai: Around 100 Shiv Sainiks stormed J. J. Hospital, disrupted daily operations, raised slogans and threatened to take matters into their own hands if no action was taken against non-Maharashtrian students.

∠Å¡ Demand for dismissal of Government: The Congress Legislature Party (CLP) in a representation submitted to State Governor recently, has demanded dismissal of the ruling Democratic Alliance of Nagaland (DAN) government for its alleged financial mismanagement and embezzlement of public money.

∠Å¡NDA government asks naxalites to surrender arms: Amid a walkout by opposition RJD and its allies Congress and CPI (M), the Bihar government today appealed to the naxalites to shun the path of violence and reaffirmed its pledge to root out unemployment to usher in a new era of development in Bihar.


Answer :

∠Å¡ Yes, the agreement between the centre, state government and the GNLF involves the functioning of a federal structure as it allows autonomy in governance at the state and provincial level.

∠Å¡ Yes, it involves the functioning of federalism because flood relief is undertaken by the states while being funded by the centre.

∠Å¡ No, it does not involve the functioning of federalism because this appointment reflects a centralised authority.

∠Å¡ No, it does not reflect a federal structure as a centralised university comes under the control of the central government.

∠Å¡ Yes, it involves the functioning of federalism as the centre is providing funds to the state of Arunachal Pradesh under its rural water supply scheme. The state can then make use of the funds for its own development.

∠Å¡ No, it does not involve the functioning of federalism because it is hampering the essence of federalism. The states have autonomy but they are tied in the bond fibered by the central power and are bound to work according to the instructions of the central government as it is superior to the state. This act of Shiv Sena is violation of citizen's rights as well as spirit of federalism.

∠Å¡ No, it does not involve the functioning of federalism as demand for the dismissal of a duly elected state government is an attack on the federal structure.

∠Å¡ Yes, it involves the functioning of federalism as the problem of naxalism is being tackled by government at state level.

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Q2 :  

Think which of the following statements would be correct. State why.

∠Å¡ Federalism enhances the possibility of people from different regions to interact without the fear of one's culture being imposed upon them by others.

∠Å¡ Federal system will hinder easier economic transaction between two different regions that have distinct types of resources.

∠Å¡ A federal system will ensure that the powers of those at the centre will remain limited.


Answer :

∠Å¡ The statement is correct because federalism provides unity while respecting the differences.

∠Å¡ The statement is incorrect because federal system is not a hindrance to trade and commerce..

∠Å¡ The statement is incorrect because while a federal system ensures that the powers of those at the centre are limited by dividing the subjects upon which they can make laws, in the Indian context, it has also provided for a strong central government.

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Q3 :  

Based on the first few articles of Belgian constitution - given below - explain how federalism is visualised in that country. Try and write a similar Article for the Constitution of India.

Title I: On Federal Belgium, its components and its territory.

Article 1 : Belgium is a Federal State made up of communities and regions.

Article 2 : Belgium is made up of three communities: The French Community, the Flemish Community and the German Community.

Article 3 : Belgium is made up of three regions: The Walloon region, the Flemish region and the Brussels region.

Article 4 : Belgium has four linguistic regions: The French-speaking region, the Dutch-speaking region, the bilingual region of Brussels Capital and the German-speaking region. Each «commune» (county borough) of the Kingdom is part of one of these linguistic regions.

Article 5 : The Walloon region is made up of the following provinces: The Walloon Brabant, Hainault, Liege, Luxemburg and Namur. The Flemish region is made up of the following provinces: Antwerp, the Flemish Brabant, West Flanders, East Flanders and Limburg.


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Q4 :  

Imagine that you were to rewrite the provisions regarding federalism. Write an essay of not more than 300 words making your suggestions about:

a. division of powers among the centre and the States,

b. distribution of financial resources,

c. methods of resolving inter-State disputes and

d. appointment of Governors


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Q5 :  

Which of the following should be the basis for formation of a State? Why?

a. Common Language

b. Common economic interests

c. Common religion

d. Administrative convenience


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Q6 :  

Majority of people from the States of north India-Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar - speak Hindi. If all these States are combined to form one State, would it be in tune with the idea of federalism? Give arguments.


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Q7 :  

List four features of the Indian Constitution that give greater power to the central government than the State government.


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Q8 :  

Why are many States unhappy about the role of the Governor?


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Q9 :  

President's rule can be imposed in a State if the government is not being run according to the provisions of the Constitution. State whether any of the following conditions are a fit case for imposition of President's rule in the State. Give reasons.

∠Å¡ Two members of the State legislative assembly belonging to the main opposition party have been killed by criminals and the opposition is demanding dismissal of the State government.

∠Å¡ Kidnapping of young children for ransom is on rise. The number of crimes against women are increasing.

∠Å¡ No political party has secured majority in the recent elections of the State Legislative Assembly. It is feared that some MLAs from the other parties may be lured to support a political party in return for money.

∠Å¡ Different political parties are ruling in the State and at the centre and they are bitter opponents of each other.

∠Å¡ More than 2000 people have been killed in the communal riots.

∠Å¡ In the water dispute between the two States, one State government refused to follow the decision of the Supreme Court.


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Q10 :  

What are the demands raised by States in their quest for greater autonomy?


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Q11 :  

Should some states be governed by special provisions?

Does this create resentment among other States? Does this help in forging greater unity among the regions of the country?


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