NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Political Science Political Theory Chapter 10

Development Class 11

Chapter 10 Development Exercise Solutions

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Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 157

Q1 :  

What do you understand by the term development? Would all sections of society benefit from such a definition of development?

Answer :

Development is a process that ensures good quality of life to all the people in terms of happiness, harmony and satisfaction of essential needs. It is related to improvement, progress and aspirations of people. This definition of development would benefit all the sections of society as it shows the basic need approach. It allows more people to make meaningful choices and the pre-condition for this is the fulfilment of basic needs like food, education, health and shelter.

The previous concepts of development that were based on only economic growth have not been beneficial for poor people and environment and have resulted in a wide gap between rich and poor and imbalanced ecology. Therefore, a definition that aims towards improving the quality of people's life would justify the essence of development.

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Q2 :  

Discuss some of the social and ecological costs of the kind of development which has been pursued in most countries.

Answer :

Social costs of development

  • A large number of people have been displaced from their homes and localities due to industrialisation.

  • Displacement causes loss of livelihood and increased impoverishment along with destruction of local culture and community life.

  • Displacement of rural agricultural communities has resulted in increased number of urban and rural poor and has brought them into the category of marginalised people.

  • It is responsible for many struggles and social disorganisation.

Ecological costs of development

  • The present model of development is dependent upon increasing use of energy and is a major cause for environmental degradation.

  • Consumption of fossil fuels to meet energy requirements is also a major cause of pollution as well as depletion of natural resources.

  • Global warming has increased due to emission of pollutant gases from industries.

  • Icebergs of polar regions are melting due to global warming. This would cause flooding and submergence of low lying areas like Bangladesh and Maldives.

  • Developmental projects have resulted in deforestation, which has created the problem of green house effect, scarcity of firewood, medicinal herbs and food, affecting poor people.

  • Rivers and ponds are dry up and level of ground water has decreased.

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Q3 :  

What are some of the new claims for rights which the process of development has generated?

Answer :

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Q4 :  

What would be the advantages of democracy over other forms of government for ensuring that decisions regarding development are made to promote the common good?

Answer :

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Q5 :  

In your view how successful have popular struggles been in making the state responsive to the social and environmental costs of development? Discuss with examples.

Answer :

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Political Theory - Political Science : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 11th for Development will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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