NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Political Science Political Theory Chapter 4

Social Justice Class 11

Chapter 4 Social Justice Exercise Solutions

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Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 66

Q1 :  

What does it mean to give each person his/her due? How has the meaning of “giving each his due” changed over time?


Answer :

Giving each person his/her due means providing justice by ensuring the well-being of all the people.

In contemporary time, the concept of “giving each his due” has changed to the understanding of what is due to each person as a human being.

The German philosopher Immanuel Kant argued that if all persons are granted dignity then what is due to each of them is the opportunity to develop their talents and pursue their chosen goals.

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Q2 :  

Briefly discuss the three principles of justice outlined in the chapter. Explain each with examples.


Answer :

Equal Treatment of Equals:

  • This indicates the principle of treating people equally.

  • All individuals share certain characteristics as human beings. Therefore, they deserve to be treated equally and provided with equal rights.

  • It includes civil rights like right to life, liberty and property, political rights like right to vote and social rights related to equal social opportunities.

  • It also prohibits discrimination on the grounds of class, caste, gender and race.

  • For example, two individuals from different backgrounds should be paid same reward for the same kind of job.

Proportionate justice:

  • This principle indicates rewarding people in proportion to the scale and quality of their effort.

  • It is just to reward different jobs differently on the basis of efforts and skills required and the danger involved.

  • Thus, proportionality provides balance to the principle of equal treatment.

  • The reward and compensation for a surgeon and an architect varies according to the skill that is required in their job.

Recognition of Special Needs:

  • This principle is based on distributing rewards and duties on the basis of special needs of people.

  • On the basis of factors such as age, physical disabilities and lack of access to good education or health care, special treatment is given in many countries.

  • People with special needs or disabilities are treated unequal in some particular respect and therefore are provided with some deserving and special help.

  • A physically challenged person getting a reserved seat in bus is an example of principle of recognition of special needs.

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Q3 :  

Does the principle of considering the special needs of people conflict with the principle of equal treatment for all?


Answer :

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Q4 :  

How does Rawls use the idea of a veil of ignorance to argue that fair and just distribution can be defended on rational grounds?


Answer :

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Q5 :  

What are generally considered to be the basic minimum requirements of people for living a healthy and productive life? What is the responsibility of governments in trying to ensure this minimum to all?


Answer :

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Q6 :  

Which of the following arguments could be used to justify state action to provide basic minimum conditions of life to all citizens?

(a) Providing free services to the poor and needy can be justified as an act of charity.

(b) Providing all citizens with a basic minimum standard of living is one way of ensuring equality of opportunity.

(c) Some people are naturally lazy and we should be kind to them.

(d) Ensuring basic facilities and a minimum standard of living to all is a recognition of our shared humanity and a human right.


Answer :

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<< Previous Chapter 3 : Equality Next Chapter 5 : Rights >>

Political Theory - Political Science : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 11th for Social Justice will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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