NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Psychology Chapter 2

Methods of Enquiry in Psychology Class 11

Chapter 2 Methods of Enquiry in Psychology Exercise Solutions

<< Previous Chapter 1 : What is Psychology Next Chapter 3 : The Bases of Human Behaviour >>

Review questions : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 42

Q1 :  

What are the goals of scientific enquiry?


Answer :

The goals of scientific enquiry are as follows:

  • Description - It is very important in a scientific enquiry to describe the behaviour or a phenomenon accurately in order to be able to deal with it.

  • Prediction - Scientific enquiry aims at the understanding of a particular behaviour in relationship to other behaviours or events. It tries to predict their occurrences under certain conditions with a margin of error.

  • Explanation - Scientific enquiry is conducted to know the causal factors or determinants of behaviour and the conditions where the behaviour does not occur.

  • Control - Being able to explain behaviour also leads to the control in behaviour by making changes in its antecedent conditions. The control refers to making a particular behaviour happen, reduce it and enhance it.

  • Application - Application of a particular behaviour aims at bringing about positive changes in the lives of people by solving their problems in various settings.

Answer needs Correction? Click Here

Q2 :  

Describe the various steps involved in conducting a scientific enquiry.


Answer :

The various steps involved in conducting a scientific enquiry can be described as follows:

  1. (i) Conceptualisation of problem - It is important in a scientific enquiry to narrow down the focus and understand the specific problem. It is done by reviewing past research, personal experience and observations. This is further followed by preparing a hypothesis or a tentative solution of the problem.

    (ii) Data collection - The second step involves the preparation of a blueprint of the entire study. It consists of four aspects namely, identifying the participants in the study, methods of data collection, tools to be used in research and procedure for data collection.

    (iii) Drawing conclusions - The data are analysed through statistical procedures and represented graphically in the form of pie-chart, bar-diagram, etc. It helps to verify the hypothesis and draw conclusions by putting them into an appropriate context.

    (iv) Revising research conclusions - The existing hypothesis is finally confirmed on the basis of revision of data else, a new hypothesis is stated and tested by new data. The research may also be revised by other researchers, hence making it a continuous process.

Answer needs Correction? Click Here

Q3 :  

Explain the nature of psychological data.


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q4 :  

How do experimental and control groups differ? Explain with the help of an example.


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q5 :  

A researcher is studying the relationship between speed of cycling and the presence of people. Formulate a relevant hypothesis and identify the independent and dependent variables.


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q6 :  

Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of experimental method as a method of enquiry.


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q7 :  

Dr. Krishnan is going to observe and record children's play behaviour at a nursery school without attempting to influence or control the behaviour. Which method of research is involved? Explain the process and discuss its merits and demerits.


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q8 :  

Give two examples of the situations where survey method can be used. What are the limitations of this method?


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q9 :  

Differentiate between an interview and a questionnaire.


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q10 :  

Explain the characteristics of a standardised test.


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q11 :  

Describe the limitations of psychological enquiry.


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q12 :  

What are the ethical guidelines that a psychologist needs to follow while conducting a psychological enquiry?


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
<< Previous Chapter 1 : What is Psychology Next Chapter 3 : The Bases of Human Behaviour >>

Psychology : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 11th for Methods of Enquiry in Psychology will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

Popular Articles