NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Psychology Chapter 4

Human Development Class 11

Chapter 4 Human Development Exercise Solutions

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Review questions : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 83

Q1 :  

What is development? How is it different from growth and maturation?


Answer :

Development is the pattern of progressive, orderly and predictable changes that originate at conception and continue to take place throughout an individual's life. It is different from growth and maturation by the following features:

 

Growth

 

Development

1.

Growth refers to an increase in the size of body parts or of the organism as a whole.

i.

Development on the other hand refers to a larger process, which is in terms of growth and maturation both.

2.

Growth is measurable and quantified.

ii.

Development is not always measurable and quantified.

3.

Any change that does not lead to the decline in age is considered as growth.

iii.

The change that leads to decline such as in old age is also considered as development.

 
 

Maturation

 

Development

1.

Maturation refers to the changes that follow an orderly sequence.

i.

Development does not necessarily refer to orderly sequence.

2.

Maturation is largely dictated by the genetic blueprint which produces commonalities in the growth.

ii.

Development need not to be identified with genetic changes and growth.

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Q2 :  

Describe the main features of life-span perspective on development.


Answer :

The main features of life-span perspective on development are as follows:

  • Development is a lifelong process that takes place across all age groups starting from conception to old age. It also includes the interaction between gains and losses, which is dynamic.

  • The biological, cognitive, and socio-emotional processes of human development are interwoven in the development of a person throughout the life-span.

  • Development is multi-directional as some dimensions or components of a given dimension of development may increase, while others show a decrease.

  • Development is highly plastic since modifiability is found in psychological development within persons, though flexibility varies among individuals.

  • Development is influenced by historical conditions.

  • A number of disciplines like psychology, anthropology, sociology and neuro-sciences are concerned with development.

  • The response and actions of individuals are related to contexts, which include the inherited traits, the physical environment, and social, historical, and cultural contexts. These contexts vary among individuals.

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Q3 :  

What are developmental tasks? Explain by giving examples.


Answer :

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Q4 :  

'Environment of the child has a major role in the development of the child'. Support your answer with examples.


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Q5 :  

How do socio-cultural factors influence development?


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Q6 :  

Discuss the cognitive changes taking place in a developing child.


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Q7 :  

Attachment bonds formed in childhood years have long-term effects. Explain taking examples from daily life.


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Q8 :  

What is adolescence? Explain the concept of egocentrism.


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Q9 :  

What are the factors influencing the formation of identity during adolescence? Support your answer with examples.


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Q10 :  

What are the challenges faced by individuals on entry to adulthood?


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Psychology : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 11th for Human Development will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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