How does classical conditioning demonstrate learning by
Classical conditioning demonstrates learning by association as
one stimulus signifies the possibility of the occurrence of
another stimulus. Unconditioned stimulus and response are
gradually conditioned. For example, in the experiment conducted
by Ivan P. Pavlov on the dog, a bell was rung after which food
was served to the dog. After some days, no food was served after
the ringing of bell, but the dog still salivated to the sound of
it and thus, associated the bell with the food. The association
resulted in the acquisition of the new response by the dog, i.e.
salivation to the sound of bell. In this case, the bell was a
conditioned stimulus and saliva secretion was a conditioned
Therefore, in classical conditioning, one stimulus signifies the
possible occurrence of another stimulus.
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