Why do we need to use special terms and concepts in sociology?
We need to use special terms and concepts in sociology to
understand the society better. In sociology, there are different
ways of understanding the society. For example, Max Weber gave
importance to individuals for existence of a society whereas
Emile Durkheim laid emphasis on society as a whole.
For Karl Marx, the key concepts were class and conflict to
understand society whereas for Emile Durkheim, social solidarity
and collective conscience were important.
There are different kinds of individuals and groups in society
that leads to different concepts and ideas. Therefore, we need
special terms and concepts in sociology to differentiate it from
our common sense knowledge of society.
An individual studies the society on the basis of his/her own
common sense, which is often within a limited range, while
sociology provides specific concepts and terms to study the
structure, phenomenon and functions of the society in a
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