NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Sociology Introducing Sociology Chapter 2

Terms, Concepts and their Use in Sociology Class 11

Chapter 2 Terms, Concepts and their Use in Sociology Exercise Solutions

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Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 39

Q1 :  

Why do we need to use special terms and concepts in sociology?


Answer :

We need to use special terms and concepts in sociology to understand the society better. In sociology, there are different ways of understanding the society. For example, Max Weber gave importance to individuals for existence of a society whereas Emile Durkheim laid emphasis on society as a whole.

For Karl Marx, the key concepts were class and conflict to understand society whereas for Emile Durkheim, social solidarity and collective conscience were important.

There are different kinds of individuals and groups in society that leads to different concepts and ideas. Therefore, we need special terms and concepts in sociology to differentiate it from our common sense knowledge of society.

An individual studies the society on the basis of his/her own common sense, which is often within a limited range, while sociology provides specific concepts and terms to study the structure, phenomenon and functions of the society in a scientific way.

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Q2 :  

As a member of society you must be interacting with and in different groups. How do you see these groups from a sociological perspective?


Answer :

(Within different groups)

We interact with different groups in our daily lives. The students of a classroom form a social group of that class and an individual (you) is a part of that group.

The individual has some of the classmates as his/her friends and this group of friends forms the primary group where interaction takes place with intimacy and co-operation while the rest of the class forms the secondary group.

The group of students of the class sharing common interest and ideas interact with each other in a formal manner. The friends of the individual from the class also shares common interests and ideas but with informal ways of interaction.

(In different groups)

An individual also interacts with the students association which forms a secondary group based on specific goals. The individual discusses his/her school problems with the members of these groups and the members help him/her.

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Q3 :  

What have you observed about the stratification system existing in your society? How are individual lives affected by stratification?


Answer :

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Q4 :  

What is social control? Do you think the modes of social control in different spheres of society are different? Discuss.


Answer :

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Q5 :  

Identify the different roles and status that you play and are located in. Do you think roles and status change? Discuss when and how they change.


Answer :

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Introducing Sociology - Sociology : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 11th for Terms, Concepts and their Use in Sociology will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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