NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Sociology Introducing Sociology Chapter 3

Understanding Social Institutions Class 11

Chapter 3 Understanding Social Institutions Exercise Solutions

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Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 61

Q1 :  

Note what are the marriage rules that are followed in your society? Compare your observations with these made by other students in the class. Discuss.


Answer :

Note: Any answer supported with argument or explanation would solve the purpose.

One sample answer has been provided to you:

Every society comprises several types and rules of marriage. Our society particularly follows monogamy. Monogamy is a system of marriage wherein one man can marry only one woman, and one woman can only marry one man. People are only allowed to re-marry after the death of their spouse or after a divorce. Thus, they cannot have more than one spouse at the same time.

Generally, the marriages are fixed by the parents and this is known as arrange marriage. Parents choose the relevant partners for their sons and daughters. However, some people also prefer love marriages and their partners are self chosen.

Some societies also practice the rules of polygamy and polygyny, wherein the men and women can have multiple partners as their wives and husbands respectively. However, this practice is not allowed in laws of marriage of some religions.

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Q2 :  

Find out how membership, residence pattern and even the mode of interaction changes in the family with broader economic, political and cultural changes, for instance migration.


Answer :

Family is an institution where its members live together under one roof and have cordial relationships. It is affected by broader political, economic and cultural activities of the society. Some examples of the way these activities of the society affect the family are:

Cultural Change

With the change in culture, the membership, residence pattern and mode of interaction within a family also changes. For example, in a matrilineal society the women play a major role in decision-making in the family. However, in a patriarchal society, men exercise authority and dominance over the family.

Another example of cultural change is the preference or resistance towards individualism. If the members of a family are individualistic, then there are chances of having a nuclear family. On the other hand, increase in the inter-personal relationships leads to a joint family.

Political Change

During post-unification period in the 1990s, Germany witnessed a rapid decline in the number of marriages because the new German state withdrew all the protection and welfare schemes which were provided to the families prior to the unification. This is an example of broader political change influencing the family.

Economic Change

When a society undergoes economic changes, even the family gets affected indirectly. For example, industrialisation has led to the emergence of nuclear families and women have also adopted instrumental roles in the family.

Migration

Due to economic instability in a society, people migrate in search of work. For example, people from a flood affected village migrate to cities in search of new homes and new jobs. In some cases, women stay at their village and perform household activities, while the husbands migrate to the city for work.

Migration also leads to a change in the housing pattern because the people who migrate from villages have to live in slums and in tents. Similarly, in village they live with their parents and other relatives but in the city they either have to stay alone or with their husband or wife and children only. This change depicts a change in the membership pattern of the family.

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Q3 :  

Write an essay on `work'. Focus on both the range of occupations, which exist and how they change.


Answer :

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Q4 :  

Discuss the kind of rights that exist in your society. How do they affect your life?


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Q5 :  

How does sociology study religion?


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Q6 :  

Write an essay on school as a social institution. Draw from both your reading as well as your personal observations.


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Q7 :  

Discuss how these social institutions interact with each other. You can start the discussion from yourself as a senior school student. And move on to how you are shaped by different social institutions. Are you entirely controlled or can you also resist and redefine social institutions?


Answer :

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<< Previous Chapter 2 : Terms, Concepts and their Use in Sociology Next Chapter 4 : Culture and Socialisation >>

Introducing Sociology - Sociology : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 11th for Understanding Social Institutions will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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