How can we demonstrate that the different dimensions of culture
comprise a whole?
There are three dimensions of culture cognitive, normative and
material that comprise a whole.
(i) Cognitive: It refers to how we learn to process what we see
and hear so as to give it a meaning. For example, looking at a
flag and associating it with the country to which it belongs.
Symbolising the waving of hand as a means of saying goodbye.
Thus, every culture has given a different meaning to different
(ii) Normative: It refers to the rules of conduct. Every society
has some rules according to which its members have to behave. As
a result, this behaviour and action of the individuals become the
culture of that society.
(iii) Material: It includes any activity which is made possible
by the means of materials. It also includes tools and machines,
which is said to be a part of the culture.
In the present industrial societies, advanced technology and
machines are used. Some societies use them in abundance such as,
USA while some do not make much use of it, such as Afghanistan.
Thus, use of various materials in different ways for various
purposes shows the culture of that society.
Therefore, culture can be identified as material and
non-material. For the proper and integrated functioning of the
culture, both material and non-material dimensions work together
as a whole. The use of materials having different notions and
ways of understanding different signs and symbols with certain
rules of conduct as a whole describes the culture of that
Answer needs Correction? Click Here