NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Sociology Understanding Society Chapter 1

Social Structure, Stratification and Social Processes in Soc... Class 11

Chapter 1 Social Structure, Stratification and Social Processes in Soc... Exercise Solutions

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Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 20

Q1 :  

Discuss the different tasks that demand cooperation with reference to agricultural or industrial operations.


Answer :

Cooperation in a society plays a very important role because it enables the social structure in a society. According to Durkheim, solidarity is important to understand cooperation in a society. The following are the two kinds of society referred to, by Durkheim:

(i) Agricultural society - Durkheim explained mechanical solidarity which is present in the agricultural operations, where most of the members live similar lives with little division of labour. For example, activities like transplantation of crops, tilling the land and ploughing the field are activities not associated with specialization of labour.

(ii) Industrial society - Here Durkheim explained organic solidarity, which is found in industrial operations and includes a specialized division of labour. For example, different stages of production at a manufacturing unit require specialization of labour of workers as they have to operate different kinds of machines.

Both of them are forms of cooperation in a society.

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Q2 :  

Is cooperation always voluntary or is it enforced? If enforced, is it sanctions or is the strength of norms that ensure cooperation? Discuss with examples.


Answer :

According to Karl Marx's conflict perspective, cooperation is enforced and not voluntary. The enforcement of cooperation takes place because of the existence of the class system. The strength of norms or the 'social power' compels the workers to work because of the alien force which exists outside them. It is caused by the division of labour. For this, Marx gave an example of a worker in a factory, who undergoes the process of 'alienation' and loses control over the products of his/her labour because he/she follows the monotonous routine every time. Also, compared to the conditions of a factory worker who works in a cooperative environment with a worker who works for himself, it is found that the independent worker is happier.

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Q3 :  

Can you find illustrative examples of conflict drawn from Indian society? Discuss the causes that led to conflict in each instance.


Answer :

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Q4 :  

Write an essay based on examples to show how conflicts get resolved.


Answer :

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Q5 :  

Imagine a society where there is no competition. Is it possible? If not, why not?


Answer :

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Q6 :  

Talk to your parents and elders, grandparents and their contemporaries and discuss whether modern society is really more competitive or conflict ridden than it used to be before. And if you think it is, how would you explain this sociologically?


Answer :

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Understanding Society - Sociology : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 11th for Social Structure, Stratification and Social Processes in Soc... will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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