Discuss the different tasks that demand cooperation with
reference to agricultural or industrial operations.
Cooperation in a society plays a very important role because it
enables the social structure in a society. According to Durkheim,
solidarity is important to understand cooperation in a society.
The following are the two kinds of society referred to, by
(i) Agricultural society - Durkheim explained mechanical
solidarity which is present in the agricultural operations, where
most of the members live similar lives with little division of
labour. For example, activities like transplantation of crops,
tilling the land and ploughing the field are activities not
associated with specialization of labour.
(ii) Industrial society - Here Durkheim explained organic
solidarity, which is found in industrial operations and includes
a specialized division of labour. For example, different stages
of production at a manufacturing unit require specialization of
labour of workers as they have to operate different kinds of
Both of them are forms of cooperation in a society.
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