NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Sociology Understanding Society Chapter 2

Social Change and Social Order in Rural and Urban Society Class 11

Chapter 2 Social Change and Social Order in Rural and Urban Society Exercise Solutions

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Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 49

Q1 :  

Would you agree with the statement that rapid social change is a comparatively new phenomenon in human history? Give reasons for your answer.


Answer :

Yes, rapid social change is a comparatively new phenomenon in human history. It has been estimated that the human beings have been in existence for 500,000 years, but civilization started only around 6,000 years ago. The most rapid changes started 400 years ago and the pace of changes increased in the last100 years. This acceleration in changes was mainly due to advancements in technology and the advent of industrial revolution. Therefore, the speed of these changes that are occurring, is increasing day by day, every decade. The human beings are progressing towards development and new scientific milestones everyday.

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Q2 :  

How is social change to be distinguished from other kinds of change?


Answer :

Social change, unlike other forms of change, refers to significant changes that take place in the foundations of social structure and systems of a society. Other forms of change may impact certain aspects of social life without encompassing it as a whole. Such restrictions are not applied to social changes.

It does not include the small changes but only the big changes that alter the society fundamentally. The influence of such changes has to be both intensive and extensive.

Therefore, the changes that impact a large section of the society are called social changes. For example, a change in the government may not necessarily qualify as a social change. However a change in the social ideals from capitalism to socialism or abolition of practices like untouchability, that impact a large number of people, does represent social change.

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Q3 :  

What do you understand by `structural change'? Explain with examples other than those in the text.


Answer :

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Q4 :  

Describe some kinds of environment-related social change.


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Q5 :  

What are some kinds of changes brought about by technology and the economy?


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Q6 :  

What is meant by social order and how is it maintained?


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Q7 :  

What is authority and how is it related to domination and the law?


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Q8 :  

How are a village, town and city distinguished from each other?


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Q9 :  

What are some features of social order in rural areas?


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Q10 :  

What are some of the challenges to social order in urban areas?


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<< Previous Chapter 1 : Social Structure, Stratification and Social Processes in Soc... Next Chapter 3 : Environment and Society >>

Understanding Society - Sociology : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 11th for Social Change and Social Order in Rural and Urban Society will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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