NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Sociology Understanding Society Chapter 3

Environment and Society Class 11

Chapter 3 Environment and Society Exercise Solutions

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Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 64

Q1 :  

Describe in your own words what you understand by the term `ecology'.


Answer :

Ecology refers to the complex network of biological and physical systems and processes between the biotic and abiotic components of environment. It is responsible for the type of environment around living beings. Humans are also a constituent of ecology. Various physical features like mountains, rivers, plains and oceans, each with their unique flora and fauna, form their own ecology. The ecology of a place is affected by the interaction between its geography and hydrology. The flora and fauna of a particular region adapt themselves according to its ecology, in order to survive. Ecology of a place has an impact on the human living conditions and the lifestyle, food, clothing, occupation and culture of the people of that place.

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Q2 :  

Why is ecology not limited only to the forces of nature?


Answer :

Ecology is not limited to the forces of nature as it gradually gets modified by human actions. Many seemingly natural features and phenomena associated with the environment are the caused by human activities. For example, the change in climate because of global warming seems to be a natural process, but is an outcome of the human activities. The conservation of soil and water, usage of pesticide, and other man-made materials in agriculture are other examples of human transformation of nature. Artificial environment is prominently visible in cities in the form of built environment made from concrete, cement, brick, stone, glass and tar.

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Q3 :  

Describe the two-way process by which social environments emerge.


Answer :

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Q4 :  

Why and how does social organisation shape the relationship between the environment and society?


Answer :

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Q5 :  

Why is environmental management a complex and huge task for society?


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Q6 :  

What are some of the important forms of pollution-related environmental hazards?


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Q7 :  

What are the major environmental issues associated with resource depletion?


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Q8 :  

Explain why environmental problems are simultaneously social problems.


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Q9 :  

What is meant by social ecology?


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Q10 :  

Describe some environment related conflicts that you know of or have read about. (Other than the examples in the text.)


Answer :

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<< Previous Chapter 2 : Social Change and Social Order in Rural and Urban Society Next Chapter 4 : Introducing Western Sociologists >>

Understanding Society - Sociology : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 11th for Environment and Society will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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