NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Sociology Understanding Society Chapter 4

Introducing Western Sociologists Class 11

Chapter 4 Introducing Western Sociologists Exercise Solutions

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Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 82

Q1 :  

Why is the Enlightenment important for the development of sociology?


Answer :

The Enlightenment is important for the development of sociology because it helped in the development of secular, scientific and humanistic attitudes of mind during the late 17th and 18th centuries. This is because 'enlightenment' positioned the human being as the central figure of the universe, with rational thought at its core. Rational and critical thinking transformed human beings into both producer and user of all knowledge. Those who did not adopt the new ways of thinking and reasoning were deemed as deficient and primitive. This development influenced society as it was a product of human interaction. Thus, it helped sociology to grow as a rational and scientific subject with critical analysis.

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Q2 :  

How was the Industrial Revolution responsible for giving rise to sociology?


Answer :

The Industrial Revolution brought many changes in the society. The invention of new machines led to evolution in the organisation of labour and markets. The factory system and manufacturing on mass scale led to changes in modes of production and acquisition of raw materials from around the world. The growth of industries, urban space, slums and modern form of government was a social consequence of these developments. As a result, the industrial revolution caused significant changed in society, and thus the need to understand it also grew and led to the emergence of sociology.

The scientific analysis of developments and study of social behaviour in industrialised societies were the main subjects of sociology. This was made possible by empirical observation and study of the information about social indicators generated by the state.

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Q3 :  

What are the various components of a mode of production?


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Q4 :  

Why do classes come into conflict, according to Marx?


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Q5 :  

What are social facts? How do we recognise them?


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Q6 :  

What is the difference between `mechanical' and `organic' solidarity?


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Q7 :  

Show, with examples, how moral codes are indicators of social solidarity.


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Q8 :  

What are the basic features of bureaucracy?


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Q9 :  

What is special or different about the kind of objectivity needed in social science?


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Q10 :  

Can you identify any ideas or theories which have led to the formation of social movements in India in recent times?


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Q11 :  

Try to find out what Marx and Weber wrote about India.


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Q12 :  

Can you think of reasons why we should study the work of thinkers who died long ago? What could be some reasons to not study them?


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Understanding Society - Sociology : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 11th for Introducing Western Sociologists will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

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