NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Sociology Understanding Society Chapter 5

Indian Sociologists Class 11

Chapter 5 Indian Sociologists Exercise Solutions

<< Previous Chapter 4 : Introducing Western Sociologists

Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 101

Q1 :  

How did Ananthakrishna Iyer and Sarat Chandra Roy come to practice social anthropology?


Answer :

Ananthakrishna Iyer came to practice social anthropology by voluntarily helping the British administrators in ethnographic surveys of India. He was initially a clerk and then became a college teacher at Ernakulum. In 1902, he was asked by the Dewan of Cochin to assist with an ethnographic survey of the state. Later, he worked for British government as unpaid Superintendent of Ethnography. His work received appreciation from British anthropologists and administrators. Iyer became a reader at the University of Madras and set up the post-graduate department of anthropology at the University of Calcutta. Thus, he became the first self-taught anthropologist.

Sarat Chandra Roy was educated in law and English. He gave up his law practice and became a school teacher in Ranchi. He was appointed as the official interpreter in the court after he resumed his law practice. Gradually, he became interested in the tribal society, as he had to interpret the tribal customs in the court. He gained considerable knowledge on the culture and society of the tribal people of Chhotanagpur. Roy produced valuable monographs and research articles on this subject. He travelled and did intensive fieldwork pertaining to the tribal community.

Thus, the experiences gained by Iyer and Roy in the course of their work led to their interest in social anthropology.

Answer needs Correction? Click Here

Q2 :  

What were the main arguments on either side of the debate about how to relate to tribal communities?


Answer :

The main arguments, on either side of the debate about relating to tribal communities, were led by the British administrator-anthropologists and the nationalists.

According to the British, the tribes of India were primitive people and had a different culture from the Hindus. They believed that the simple tribal people would suffer exploitation and cultural degradation at the hands of Hindu people who wanted the assimilation of tribal people with them. Thus, they needed to be protected by the state in order to safeguard their interests.

On the other hand, the nationalists, of whom G.S Ghurye was the most famous exponent, argued that the tribes of India were not backward, but had been interacting with the rest of Hindu society over a long period. The process of assimilation had been experienced by all the communities in India and the tribes were only a step behind in this process. According to nationalists, attempts to preserve tribal culture only contributed to their backwardness. They believed tribal society needed as much reform as Hindu society.

Thus, the main difference in both viewpoints was the perception about the impact of mainstream culture on tribes.

Answer needs Correction? Click Here

Q3 :  

Outline the positions of Herbert Risley and G.S. Ghurye on the relationship between race and caste in India.


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q4 :  

Summarise the social anthropological definition of caste.


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q5 :  

What does D.P. Mukerji mean by a `living tradition'? Why did he insist that Indian sociologists be rooted in this tradition?


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q6 :  

What are the specificities of Indian culture and society, and how do they affect the pattern of change?


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q7 :  

What is a welfare state? Why is A.R. Desai critical of the claims made on its behalf?


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q8 :  

What arguments were given for and against the village as a subject of sociological research by M.N. Srinivas and Louis Dumont?


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q9 :  

What is the significance of village studies in the history of Indian sociology? What role did M.N. Srinivas play in promoting village studies?


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
<< Previous Chapter 4 : Introducing Western Sociologists

Understanding Society - Sociology : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 11th for Indian Sociologists will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

Popular Articles