Mention the advantages of selecting pea plant for experiment by
Mendel selected pea plants to carry out his study on the
inheritance of characters from parents to offspring.
He selected a pea plant because of the following features.
(a) Peas have many visible contrasting characters such as
tall/dwarf plants, round/wrinkled seeds, green/yellow pod,
purple/white flowers, etc.
(b) Peas have bisexual flowers and therefore undergo self
pollination easily. Thus, pea plants produce offsprings with same
traits generation after generation.
(c) In pea plants, cross pollination can be easily
achieved by emasculation in which the stamen of the flower is
removed without affecting the pistil.
(d) Pea plants have a short life span and produce many
seeds in one generation.
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