If your family owned a dairy farm, what measures would you
undertake to improve the quality and quantity of milk production?
Dairy farm management deals with processes which aim at improving
the quality and quantity of milk production. Milk production is
primarily dependent on choosing improved cattle breeds, provision
of proper feed for cattle, maintaining proper shelter facilities,
and regular cleaning of cattle.
Choosing improved cattle breeds is an important factor of cattle
management. Hybrid cattle breeds are produced for improved
productivity. Therefore, it is essential that hybrid cattle
breeds should have a combination of various desirable genes such
as high milk production and high resistance to diseases. Cattle
should also be given healthy and nutritious food consisting of
roughage, fibre concentrates, and high levels of proteins and
should be housed in proper cattle-houses and should be kept in
well ventilated roofs to prevent them from harsh weather
conditions such as heat, cold, and rain. Regular baths and proper
brushing should be ensured to control diseases. Also,
time-to-time check ups by a veterinary doctor for symptoms of
various diseases should be undertaken.
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