NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Business Studies Principles and Functions of Management Chapter 2

Principles of Management Class 12

Chapter 2 Principles of Management Exercise Solutions

<< Previous Chapter 1 : Nature and Significance of Management Next Chapter 3 : Business Environment >>

Multiple choice questions : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 67

Q1 :  

Principles of management are NOT

(a) Universal

(b) Flexible

(c) Absolute

(d) Behavioural


Answer :

Principles of management are not absolute. They are just the guidelines for the decision making in the course of management. That is, principles of management are not applied as it is in the real business situations rather they need to be modified by the manager as per the situation and the requirement. 

Answer needs Correction? Click Here

Q2 :  

How are principles of management formed?

(a) In a laboratory

(b) By experiences of managers

(c) By experiences of customers

(d) By propagation of social scientists


Answer :

Principles of management were developed over years by experiences and observations of the managers. Every manager faces varying situations in real business organisations. Based on these experiences, they draw general conclusions and inferences that guide them in their action and decision making in similar situations. That is, the experiences of the managers form the basis of the principles of management. 

Answer needs Correction? Click Here

Q3 :  

The principles of management are significant because of

(a) Increase in efficiency

(b) Initiative

(c) Optimum utilisation of resources

(d) Adaption to changing technology


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q4 :  

Henry Fayol was a

(a) Social Scientist

(b) Mining Engineer

(c) Accountant

(d) Production engineer


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q5 :  

Which of the following statement best describes the principle of 'Division of Work'

(a) Work should be divided into small tasks

(b) Labour should be divided

(c) Resources should be divided among jobs

(d) It leads to specialisation


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q6 :  

'She/he keeps machines, materials, tools, etc., ready for operations by concerned workers'. Whose work is described by this sentence under functional foremanship

(a) Instruction Card Clerk

(b) Repair Boss

(c) Gang Boss

(d) Route Clerk


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q7 :  

Which of the following is NOT a Principle of management given by Taylor?

(a) Science, not rule of Thumb

(b) Functional Foremanship

(c) Maximum not restricted output

(d) Harmony not discord


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
<< Previous Chapter 1 : Nature and Significance of Management Next Chapter 3 : Business Environment >>

Short answerslong answersmultiple choice questions : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 68

Q1 :  

How is the principle of 'Unity of Command' useful to management? Explain briefly.


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q2 :  

Explain the Principles of Scientific management given by Taylor.


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q3 :  

Define Scientific Management. State any three of its principles.


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q4 :  

Explain the following Principles of management given by Fayol with examples:

(a) Unity of direction

(b) Equity

(c) Espirit de corps

(d) Order

(e) Centralisation and decentralisation

(f) Initiative


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q5 :  

If an organisation does not provide the right place for physical and human resources in an organisation, which principle is violated? What are the consequences of it?


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q6 :  

Explain any four points regarding significance of Principles of Management.


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q7 :  

Explain the principle of 'Scalar Chain' and gang plank.


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q8 :  

Management should find 'One best way' to perform a task. Which technique of Scientific management is defined in this sentence?

(a) Time Study

(b) Motion Study

(c) Fatigue Study

(d) Method Study


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q9 :  

Which of the following statements best describes 'Mental Revolution'?

(a) It implies change of attitude

(b) The management and workers should not play the game of one upmanship.

(c) Both management and workers require each other.

(d) Workers should be paid more wages.


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q10 :  

Which of the following statements is FALSE about Taylor and Fayol?

(a) Fayol was a mining engineer whereas Taylor was a mechanical engineer

(b) Fayol's principles are applicable in specialised situations whereas Taylor's principles have

universal application.

(c) Fayol's principles were formed through personal experience whereas Taylor's principles were formed through experimentation.

(d) Fayol's principles are applicable at the top level of management whereas Taylor's principles are applicable at the shop floor.


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
<< Previous Chapter 1 : Nature and Significance of Management Next Chapter 3 : Business Environment >>

Long answers : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 69

Q1 :  

Explain the technique of 'Functional Foremanship' and the concept of 'Mental Revolution' as enunciated by Taylor.


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q2 :  

Discuss the following techniques of Scientific Work Study:

(a) Time Study

(b) Motion Study

(c) Fatigue Study

(d) Method Study

(e) Simplification and standardisation of work.


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q3 :  

Discuss the differences between the contributions of Taylor and Fayol.


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
Q4 :  

Discuss the relevance of Taylor and Fayol's contribution in the contemporary business environment.


Answer :

Please Register/Login to get access to all solutions Facebook Login
<< Previous Chapter 1 : Nature and Significance of Management Next Chapter 3 : Business Environment >>

Principles and Functions of Management - Business Studies : CBSE NCERT Exercise Solutions for Class 12th for Principles of Management will be available online in PDF book form soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.

Popular Articles