12th Biology Paper Solutions Set 1 : CBSE Delhi Previous Year 2012

General Instructions:
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) This question paper consists of four Sections A, B, C and D. Section A contains 8 questions of one mark each, Section B is of 10 questions of two marks each, Section C is of 9 questions of three marks each and Section D is of 3 questions of five marks each.
(iii) There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided in one question of 2 marks, one question of 3 marks and two questions of 5 marks weightage. A student has to attempt only one of the alternatives in such questions.
(iv) Wherever necessary, the diagrams drawn should be neat and properly labelled.
Q1 :

Mention the unique flowering phenomenon exhibited by Strobilanthus kunthiana (neelakuranaji). (1)


Answer :

The unique flowering phenomenon exhibited by the plant Strobilanthus kunthianus is that it produces flowers once in 12 years.

Q2 :

How does smoking tobacco in human lead to oxygen deficiency in their body? (1)


Answer :

Smoking increases carbon monoxide (CO) content in blood and reduces the concentration of haem-bound oxygen. This causes oxygen deficiency in the body.

Q3 :

A garden pea plant (A) produced inflated yellow pod, and another plant (B) of the same species produced constricted green pods. Identify the dominant traits. (1)


Answer :

The trait to produce inflated yellow seeds is dominant over the trait producing constricted green seeds.

Q4 :

Why is Eichhornia crassipes nicknamed as “Terror of Bengal”? (1)


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Q5 :

Write the location and function of the sertoli cells in humans. (1)


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Q6 :

Name the following: (1)

(a) The semi-dwarf variety of wheat is high-yielding and disease-resistant.

(b) Any one inter-specific hybrid mammal.


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Q7 :

Write the similarity between the wing of a butterfly and the wing of a bat. What do you infer from the above with reference to evolution? (1)


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Q8 :

Write what do phytophagous insects feed on. (1)


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Q9 :

(a) Highlight the role of thymus as a lymphoid organ.

(b) Name the cells that are released from the above mentioned gland. Mention how they help in immunity. (2)


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Q10 :

Why do clown fish and sea anemone pair up? What is this relationship called? (2)


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Q11 :

Some organisms suspend their metabolic activities to survive in unfavourable conditions. Explain with the help of any four examples. (2)


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Q12 :

(a) State the role of DNA ligase in biotechnology.

(b) What happens when Meloidegyne incognitia consumes cells with RNAi gene? (2)


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Q13 :

Draw a schematic diagram of a part of double stranded dinucleotide DNA chain having all the four nitrogenous bases and showing the correct polarity. (2)


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Q14 :

Name of parasite the causes filariasis in humans. Mention its two diagnostic symptoms. How is this transmitted to others? (2)


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Q15 :

Name the source of streptokinase. How does this bioreactor molecule function in our body? (2)

OR

How do mycorrhizae act as biofertilizers? Explain. Name a genus of fungi that forms a mycorrhizal association with plants.


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Q16 :

(a) State the difference between meiocyte and gamete with respect to chromosome number.

(b) Why is a whiptail lizard referred to as parthenogenetic? (2)


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Q17 :

Explain the work carried out by Cohen and Boyer that contributed immensely in biotechnology. (2)


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Q18 :

Where is sporopollenin present in plants? State its significance with reference to its chemical nature. (2)


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Q19 :

It is established that RNA is the first genetic material. Explain giving three reasons. (3)

OR

(a) Name the enzyme responsible for the transcription of tRNA and the amino acid the initiator tRNA gets linked with.

(b) Explain the role of initiator tRNA in initiation of protein synthesis.


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Q20 :

State the theory of Biogenesis. How does Miller”™s experiment support this theory? (3)


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Q21 :

Name the two different categories of microbes naturally occurring in sewage water. Explain their role in cleaning sewage water into usable water. (3)


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Q22 :

Write the function of each one of the following: (3)

(a) (Oviducal) Fimbriae

(b) Coleoptile

(c) Oxytocin


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Q23 :

Name the genes responsible for making Bt cotton plants resistant to bollworm attack. How do such plants attain resistance against bollworm attacks? Explain. (3)


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Q24 :

Study a part of the life cycle of malarial parasite given below. Answer the questions that follow: (3)

(a) Mention the roles of “A”™ in the life cycle of the malarial parasite.

(b) Name the event “C”™ and the organ where this event occurs.

(c) Identify the organ “B”™ and name the cells being released from it.


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Q25 :

Given below is the representation of amino acid composition not the relevant translated portion of β-chain of haemoglobin, related to the shape of human red blood cells. (3)

(a) Is this representation indicating a normal human or a sufferer from certain related genetic disease? Give reason in support of your answer.

(b) What difference would be noticed in the phenotype of the normal and the sufferer related to this gene?

(c) Who are likely to suffer more from the defect related to the gene represented the males, the females or both males and females equally? And why?


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Q26 :

By the end of 2002 the public transport of Delhi switched over to a new fuel. Name the fuel. Why is this fuel considered better? Explain. (3)


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Q27 :

Draw a schematic sketch of pBR 322 plasmid and label the following in it: (3)

(a) Any two restriction sites.

(b) Ori and rop genes.

(c) An antibiotic resistant gene.


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Q28 :

Explain the carbon cycle with the help of a simplified model. (5)

OR

Explain how does:

(a) a primary succession start on a bare rock and reach a climax community?

(b) the algal bloom eventually choke the water body in an industrial area?


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Q29 :

The following is the illustration of the sequence of ovarian events (a − i) in a human female.

(5)

(i) Identify the figure that illustrates ovulation and mention the stage of oogenesis it represents.

(ii) Name the ovarian hormone and the pituitary hormone that have caused the above mentioned event.

(iii) Explain the changes that occur in the uterus simultaneously in anticipation.

(iv) Write the difference between “c”™ and “h”™.

(v) Draw a labeled sketch of the structure of a human ovum prior to fertilization.

OR

How does the megaspore mother cell develop into 7-celled, 8 nucleate embryo sac in an angiosperm? Draw a labeled diagram of a mature embryo sac.


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Q30 :

What is the inheritance pattern observed in the size of starch grains and seed shape of Pisum sativum? Workout the monohybrid cross showing the above traits. How does this pattern of inheritance deviate from that of Mendelian law of dominance? (5)

OR

State the aim and describe Messelson and Stahl”™s experiment.


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12th Biology Paper Solutions Set 3 : CBSE Delhi Previous Year 2013 will be available online in PDF book soon. The solutions are absolutely Free. Soon you will be able to download the solutions.