Read the following passage and answer the questions that
1. Too many parents these days can't say
no. As a result, they find themselves raising 'children'
who respond greedily to the advertisements aimed right at them.
Even getting what they want doesn't satisfy some kids; they only
want more. Now, a growing number of psychologists, educators and
parents think it's time to stop the madness and start teaching
kids about what's really important: values like hard work,
contentment, honesty and compassion. The struggle to set limits
has never been tougher ‒ and the stakes have never been
higher. One recent study of adults who were overindulged as
children, paints a discouraging picture of their future: when
given too much too soon, they grow up to be adults who have
difficulty coping with life's disappointments. They also have
distorted sense of entitlement that gets in the way of success in
the work place and in relationships.
2. Psychologists say that parents who
overindulge their kids, set them up to be more vulnerable to
future anxiety and depression. Today's parents themselves raised
on values of thrift and self-sacrifice, grew up in a culture
where no was a household word. Today's kids want much more,
partly because there is so much more to want. The oldest members
of this generation were born in the late 1980s, just as PCs and
video games were making their assault on the family room. They
think of MP3 players and flat screen TV as essential utilities,
and they have developed strategies to get them. One survey of
teenagers found that when they crave for something new, most
expect to ask nine times before their parents give in. By every
measure, parents are shelling out record amounts. In the heat of
this buying blitz, even parents who desperately need to say no
find themselves reaching for their credit cards.
3. Today's parents aren't equipped to deal with
the problem. Many of them, raised in the 1960s and '70s, swore
they'd act differently from their parents and have closer
relationships with their own children. Many even wear the same
designer clothes as their kids and listen to the same music. And
they work more hours; at the end of a long week, it's
tempting to buy peace with 'yes' and not mar precious family time
with conflict. Anxiety about future is another factor. How do
well intentioned parents say no to all the sports gear and arts
and language lessons they believe will help their kids thrive in
an increasingly competitive world? Experts agree: too much love
won't spoil a child. Too few limits will.
4. What parents need to find, is a balance
between the advantages of an affluent society and the critical
life lessons that come from waiting, saving and working hard to
achieve goals. That search for balance has to start early.
Children need limits on their behaviour because they feel better
and more secure when they live within a secured structure. Older
children learn self-control by watching how others, especially
parents act. Learning how to overcome challenges is essential to
becoming a successful adult. Few parents ask kids to do chores.
They think their kids are already
overburdened by social and academic
pressures. Every individual can be of service to others, and life
has meaning beyond one's own immediate happiness. That
means parents eager to teach values have to take a long, hard
look at their own.
(a) Answer the following:
(1) What values do parents and teachers want children to
(2) What are the results of giving the children too much too
(3) Why do today's children want more?
(4) What is the balance which the
parents need to have in today's world?
(5) What is the necessity to set limits for children?
(b) Pick out words from the passage that mean the same as the
(1) a feeling of satisfaction (para 1)
(2) valuable (para 3)
(3) important (para 4)
(1) Teachers and parents want children to learn values like hard
work, contentment, honesty and compassion.
(2) When children are given too much too soon, they grow up to be
adults who have difficulty coping with life's disappointments.
Such children may develop a distorted sense of entitlement that
hampers their success in the work place and in relationships.
(3) Today's children want more because there is so much more to
want. Moreover, they consider luxurious items as essential
(4) In today's world, parents need to strike a balance between
the advantages of an affluent society and the critical life
lessons that come from waiting, saving and working hard to
(5) There is a need to set limits for children because they feel
better and more secure when they live within a