Although this text speaks of factual events and situations of
misery it transforms these situations with an almost poetical
prose into a literary experience. How does it do so? Here are
some literary devices:
Hyperbole is a way of speaking or
writing that makes something sound better or more exciting than
it really is. For example: Garbage to them is gold.
Metaphor, as you may know, compares two
things or ideas that are not very similar. A metaphor describes a
thing in terms of a single quality or feature of some other
thing; we can say that a metaphor
a quality of one thing to another. For example: The road was a
ribbon of light.
Simile is a word or phrase that
compares one thing with another using the words
For example: As white as snow.
Carefully read the following phrases and sentences
taken from the text. Can you identify the literary device in each
1. Saheb-e-Alam which means the lord of the universe is directly
in contrast to what Saheb is in reality.
2. Drowned in an air of desolation.
3. Seemapuri, a place on the periphery of Delhi yet miles away
from it, metaphorically.
4. For the children it is wrapped in wonder; for the elders it is
a means of survival.
5. As her hands move mechanically like the tongs of a machine, I
wonder if she knows the sanctity of the bangles she helps make.
6. She still has bangles on her wrist, but not light in her eyes.
7. Few airplanes fly over Firozabad.
8. Web of poverty.
9. Scrounging for gold.
10. And survival in Seemapuri means rag-picking. Through the
years, it has acquired the proportions of a fine art.
11. The steel canister seems heavier than the plastic bag he
would carry so lightly over his shoulde
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