Describe the different methods of asexual reproduction. Give
The various modes of asexual reproduction in plants are as
(i)Vegetative propagation: It is the ability of a plant to
produce new plants from roots, stems, leaves, and buds.
Vegetative propagation is divided into two types.
• Natural vegetative
propagation: This type of vegetative propagation occurs easily in
nature and involves simple vegetative parts. Potato plant
sprouting from an eye is a common example.
vegetative propagation: This type of vegetative propagation is
performed manually and generally occurs in laboratory conditions.
The formation of a complete plant from a stem cutting of rose is
a common example of this method.
(ii) Budding:It involves the formation of a new individual
from a bulb-like projection called a bud. The bud grows
and gets detached from the parent to form a new individual. It is
commonly observed in yeast.
(iii)Fragmentation:It is a form of asexual reproduction
where a new organism is formed from the fragments of the parent
body. It is the only mode of asexual reproduction in
(iv)Spore formation:Many non-flowering plants reproduce
through spore formation. Spores are tiny cells protected by a
thick wall. Fungi such as bread moulds reproduce asexually using
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