# NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Science - NCERT Solution Chapter 16

## Light Class 8

### Exercise : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 212

Q1 :

Suppose you are in a dark room. Can you see objects in the room? Can you see objects outside the room? Explain.

If we are in a dark room, then it is not possible for us to see objects in the room. However, objects outside the room are visible to us.

An object becomes visible when light reaches our eye after being reflected from the object. If there is no light in the room, then the objects inside the room cannot reflect any light. Hence, we cannot see in a dark room. If there is light present outside the room, then we can see the objects outside the room.

Q2 :

Differentiate between regular and diffused reflection. Does diffused reflection mean the failure of the laws of reflection?

Regular reflection takes place from a smooth or a regular surface. In regular reflection, all reflected rays are parallel to each other for parallel incident rays. Irregular or diffused reflection takes place from an irregular surface. In diffused reflection, the reflected rays are not parallel to each other for parallel incident rays. This happens because of the presence of irregular microscopic surfaces. Hence, parallel incident rays reflect in different directions. However, each ray obeys the laws of reflection. Therefore, laws of reflections are not violated in diffused or irregular reflections.

Q3 :

Mention against each of the following whether regular or diffused reflection will take place when a beam of light strikes. Justify your answer in each case.

(a) Polished wooden table (b) Chalk powder

(c) Cardboard surface (d) Marble floor with water spread over it

(e) Mirror (f) Piece of paper

Q4 :

State the laws of reflection.

Q5 :

Describe an activity to show that the incident ray, the reflected ray and the normal at the point of incidence lie in the same plane.

Q6 :

Fill in the blanks in the following.

(a) A person 1 m in front of a plane mirror seems to be ____ __ m away from his image.

(b) If you touch your ________ ear with your right hand in front of a plane mirror, it will be seen in the mirror that your right ear is touched with your _________.

(c) The size of the pupil becomes ________ when you see in dim light.

(d) Night birds have _________ cones than rods in their eyes.

Q7 :

Angle of incidence is equal to the angle of reflection.

(a) Always (b) Sometimes

(c) Under special conditions (d) Never

Q8 :

Image formed by a plane mirror is

(a) virtual, behind the mirror and enlarged.

(b) virtual, behind the mirror and of the same size as the object.

(c) real at the surface of the mirror and enlarged.

(d) real, behind the mirror and of the same size as the object.

Q9 :

Describe the construction of a kaleidoscope.

Q10 :

Draw a labelled sketch of the human eye.

Q11 :

Gurmit wanted to perform Activity 16.8 using a laser torch. Her teacher advised her not to do so. Can you explain the basis of the teacher's advice?

Q12 :

Explain how you can take care of your eyes.

Q13 :

What is the angle of incidence of a ray if the reflected ray is at an angle of 90° to the incident ray?

Q14 :

How many images of a candle will be formed if it is placed between two parallel plane mirrors separated by 40 cm?

Q15 :

Two mirrors meet at right angles. A ray of light is incident on one at an angle of 30° as shown in Fig. 16.19. Draw the reflected ray from the second mirror.

Q16 :

Boojho stands at A just on the side of a plane mirror as shown in Fig. 16.20. Can he see himself in the mirror? Also can he see the image of objects situated at P, Q and R?

Q17 :

(a) Find out the position of the image of an object situated at A in the plane mirror (Fig. 16.21).

(b) Can Paheli at B see this image?

(c) Can Boojho at C see this image?

(d) When Paheli moves from B to C, where does the image of A move?